Evidence that two enzyme-derived histidine ligands are sufficient for iron binding and catalysis by factor inhibiting HIF (FIH).Hewitson, K.S., Holmes, S.L., Ehrismann, D., Hardy, A.P., Chowdhury, R., Schofield, C.J., McDonough, M.A.
(2008) J Biol Chem 283: 25971-25978
- PubMed: 18611856
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M804999200
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Structure of Factor-Inhibiting Hypoxia-Inducible Factor (Hif) Reveals Mechanism of Oxidative Modification of Hif-1 Alpha
Elkins, J.M., Hewitson, K.S., Mcneill, L.A., Seibel, J.F., Schlemminger, I., Pugh, C.W., Ratcliffe, P.J., Schofield, C.J.
(2003) J Biol Chem 278: 1802
- Selective inhibition of Factor Inhibiting Hypoxia inducible factor
McDonough, M.A., McNeill, L.A., Tilliet, M., Papamicael, C.A., Chen, Q.Y., Banerji, B., Hewitson, K.S., Schofield, C.J.
(2005) J Am Chem Soc 127: 7680
A 2-His-1-carboxylate triad of iron binding residues is present in many non-heme iron oxygenases including the Fe(II) and 2-oxoglutarate (2OG)-dependent dioxygenases. Three variants (D201A, D201E, and D201G) of the iron binding Asp-201 residue of an ...
A 2-His-1-carboxylate triad of iron binding residues is present in many non-heme iron oxygenases including the Fe(II) and 2-oxoglutarate (2OG)-dependent dioxygenases. Three variants (D201A, D201E, and D201G) of the iron binding Asp-201 residue of an asparaginyl hydroxylase, factor inhibiting HIF (FIH), were made and analyzed. FIH-D201A and FIH-D201E did not catalyze asparaginyl hydroxylation, but in the presence of a reducing agent, they displayed enhanced 2OG turnover when compared with wild-type FIH. Turnover of 2OG by FIH-D201A was significantly stimulated by the addition of HIF-1alpha(786-826) peptide. Like FIH-D201A and D201E, the D201G variant enhanced 2OG turnover but rather unexpectedly catalyzed asparaginyl hydroxylation. Crystal structures of the FIH-D201A and D201G variants in complex with Fe(II)/Zn(II), 2OG, and HIF-1alpha(786-826/788-806) implied that only two FIH-based residues (His-199 and His-279) are required for metal binding. The results indicate that variation of 2OG-dependent dioxygenase iron-ligating residues as a means of functional assignment should be treated with caution. The results are of mechanistic interest in the light of recent biochemical and structural analyses of non-heme iron and 2OG-dependent halogenases that are similar to the FIH-D201A/G variants in that they use only two His-residues to ligate iron.
Chemistry Research Laboratory, The Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3TA, United Kingdom.