2IBX

Influenza virus (VN1194) H5 HA


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.302 
  • R-Value Work: 0.241 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.244 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report



Literature

Haemagglutinin mutations responsible for the binding of H5N1 influenza A viruses to human-type receptors.

Yamada, S.Suzuki, Y.Suzuki, T.Le, M.Q.Nidom, C.A.Sakai-Tagawa, Y.Muramoto, Y.Ito, M.Kiso, M.Horimoto, T.Shinya, K.Sawada, T.Kiso, M.Usui, T.Murata, T.Lin, Y.Hay, A.Haire, L.F.Stevens, D.J.Russell, R.J.Gamblin, S.J.Skehel, J.J.Kawaoka, Y.

(2006) Nature 444: 378-382

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature05264
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2IBX

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • H5N1 influenza A viruses have spread to numerous countries in Asia, Europe and Africa, infecting not only large numbers of poultry, but also an increasing number of humans, often with lethal effects. Human and avian influenza A viruses differ in their recognition of host cell receptors: the former preferentially recognize receptors with saccharides terminating in sialic acid-alpha2,6-galactose (SAalpha2,6Gal), whereas the latter prefer those ending in SAalpha2,3Gal (refs 3-6) ...

    H5N1 influenza A viruses have spread to numerous countries in Asia, Europe and Africa, infecting not only large numbers of poultry, but also an increasing number of humans, often with lethal effects. Human and avian influenza A viruses differ in their recognition of host cell receptors: the former preferentially recognize receptors with saccharides terminating in sialic acid-alpha2,6-galactose (SAalpha2,6Gal), whereas the latter prefer those ending in SAalpha2,3Gal (refs 3-6). A conversion from SAalpha2,3Gal to SAalpha2,6Gal recognition is thought to be one of the changes that must occur before avian influenza viruses can replicate efficiently in humans and acquire the potential to cause a pandemic. By identifying mutations in the receptor-binding haemagglutinin (HA) molecule that would enable avian H5N1 viruses to recognize human-type host cell receptors, it may be possible to predict (and thus to increase preparedness for) the emergence of pandemic viruses. Here we show that some H5N1 viruses isolated from humans can bind to both human and avian receptors, in contrast to those isolated from chickens and ducks, which recognize the avian receptors exclusively. Mutations at positions 182 and 192 independently convert the HAs of H5N1 viruses known to recognize the avian receptor to ones that recognize the human receptor. Analysis of the crystal structure of the HA from an H5N1 virus used in our genetic experiments shows that the locations of these amino acids in the HA molecule are compatible with an effect on receptor binding. The amino acid changes that we identify might serve as molecular markers for assessing the pandemic potential of H5N1 field isolates.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Division of Virology, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 108-8639, Japan.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
HemagglutininACE340Influenza A virusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HA
Find proteins for Q45ZQ3 (Influenza A virus)
Explore Q45ZQ3 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q45ZQ3
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
HemagglutininBDF160Influenza A virusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HA
Find proteins for Q66QC3 (Influenza A virus)
Explore Q66QC3 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q66QC3
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
G, H, I
2 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAG
Query on NAG

Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.302 
  • R-Value Work: 0.241 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.244 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 174.678α = 90
b = 100.563β = 111.39
c = 160.13γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-11-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary