2I9K

Engineered Extrahelical Base Destabilization Enhances Sequence Discrimination of DNA Methyltransferase M.HhaI


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.262 
  • R-Value Work: 0.238 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Engineered Extrahelical Base Destabilization Enhances Sequence Discrimination of DNA Methyltransferase M.HhaI

Youngblood, B.Shieh, F.K.De Los Rios, S.Perona, J.J.Reich, N.O.

(2006) J.Mol.Biol. 362: 334-346

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2006.07.031

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Improved sequence specificity of the DNA cytosine methyltransferase HhaI was achieved by disrupting interactions at a hydrophobic interface between the active site of the enzyme and a highly conserved flexible loop. Transient fluorescence experiments ...

    Improved sequence specificity of the DNA cytosine methyltransferase HhaI was achieved by disrupting interactions at a hydrophobic interface between the active site of the enzyme and a highly conserved flexible loop. Transient fluorescence experiments show that mutations disrupting this interface destabilize the positioning of the extrahelical, "flipped" cytosine base within the active site. The ternary crystal structure of the F124A M.HhaI bound to cognate DNA and the cofactor analogue S-adenosyl-l-homocysteine shows an increase in cavity volume between the flexible loop and the core of the enzyme. This cavity disrupts the interface between the loop and the active site, thereby destabilizing the extrahelical target base. The favored partitioning of the base-flipped enzyme-DNA complex back to the base-stacked intermediate results in the mutant enzyme discriminating better than the wild-type enzyme against non-cognate sites. Building upon the concepts of kinetic proofreading and our understanding of M.HhaI, we describe how a 16-fold specificity enhancement achieved with a double mutation at the loop/active site interface is acquired through destabilization of intermediates prior to methyltransfer rather than disruption of direct interactions between the enzyme and the substrate for M.HhaI.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Program in Biomolecular Science and Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9510, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Modification methylase HhaI
A
327Haemophilus parahaemolyticusMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: hhaIM
EC: 2.1.1.37
Find proteins for P05102 (Haemophilus parahaemolyticus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P05102
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
5'-D(*T*GP*AP*TP*AP*GP*CP*GP*CP*TP*AP*TP*C)-3'C,D13N/A
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SAH
Query on SAH

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
S-ADENOSYL-L-HOMOCYSTEINE
C14 H20 N6 O5 S
ZJUKTBDSGOFHSH-WFMPWKQPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
DNAKd: 0.3 nM PDBBIND
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.262 
  • R-Value Work: 0.238 
  • Space Group: H 3 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 97.510α = 90.00
b = 97.510β = 90.00
c = 319.700γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
CNSphasing
CCP4data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-10-10
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance