2G7B

Crystal Structure of the R132K:R111L:L121E mutant of Cellular Retinoic Acid Binding Protein Type II In Complex With All-Trans-Retinal At 1.18 Angstroms Resolution


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.18 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.155 
  • R-Value Work: 0.129 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.130 

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This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Protein design: reengineering cellular retinoic acid binding protein II into a rhodopsin protein mimic.

Vasileiou, C.Vaezeslami, S.Crist, R.M.Rabago-Smith, M.Geiger, J.H.Borhan, B.

(2007) J Am Chem Soc 129: 6140-6148

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/ja067546r
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2G78, 2G79, 2G7B

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Rational redesign of the binding pocket of Cellular Retinoic Acid Binding Protein II (CRABPII) has provided a mutant that can bind retinal as a protonated Schiff base, mimicking the binding observed in rhodopsin. The reengineering was accomplished through a series of choreographed manipulations to ultimately orient the reactive species (the epsilon-amino group of Lys132 and the carbonyl of retinal) in the proper geometry for imine formation. The guiding principle was to achieve the appropriate Bürgi-Dunitz trajectory for the reaction to ensue. Through crystallographic analysis of protein mutants incapable of forming the requisite Schiff base, a highly ordered water molecule was identified as a key culprit in orienting retinal in a nonconstructive manner. Removal of the ordered water, along with placing reinforcing mutations to favor the desired orientation of retinal, led to a triple mutant CRABPII protein capable of nanomolar binding of retinal as a protonated Schiff base. The high-resolution crystal structure of all-trans-retinal bound to the CRABPII triple mutant (1.2 A resolution) unequivocally illustrates the imine formed between retinal and the protein.


  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA.


Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Cellular retinoic acid-binding protein 2137Homo sapiensMutation(s): 3 
Gene Names: CRABP2
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P29373 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P29373 
Go to UniProtKB:  P29373
GTEx:  ENSG00000143320 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP29373
Sequence Annotations
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.18 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.155 
  • R-Value Work: 0.129 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.130 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 45.459α = 90
b = 45.514β = 90
c = 77.747γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2007-04-17
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-18
    Changes: Refinement description
  • Version 1.4: 2021-10-20
    Changes: Database references, Derived calculations