2FWR

Structure of Archaeoglobus Fulgidis XPB


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.300 
  • R-Value Work: 0.237 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.221 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Conserved XPB Core Structure and Motifs for DNA Unwinding: Implications for Pathway Selection of Transcription or Excision Repair

Fan, L.Arvai, A.S.Cooper, P.K.Iwai, S.Hanaoka, F.Tainer, J.A.

(2006) Mol Cell 22: 27-37

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2006.02.017
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2FWR, 2FZ4, 2FZL

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The human xeroderma pigmentosum group B (XPB) helicase is essential for transcription, nucleotide excision repair, and TFIIH functional assembly. Here, we determined crystal structures of an Archaeoglobus fulgidus XPB homolog (AfXPB) that characterize two RecA-like XPB helicase domains and discover a DNA damage recognition domain (DRD), a unique RED motif, a flexible thumb motif (ThM), and implied conformational changes within a conserved functional core ...

    The human xeroderma pigmentosum group B (XPB) helicase is essential for transcription, nucleotide excision repair, and TFIIH functional assembly. Here, we determined crystal structures of an Archaeoglobus fulgidus XPB homolog (AfXPB) that characterize two RecA-like XPB helicase domains and discover a DNA damage recognition domain (DRD), a unique RED motif, a flexible thumb motif (ThM), and implied conformational changes within a conserved functional core. RED motif mutations dramatically reduce helicase activity, and the DRD and ThM, which flank the RED motif, appear structurally as well as functionally analogous to the MutS mismatch recognition and DNA polymerase thumb domains. Substrate specificity is altered by DNA damage, such that AfXPB unwinds dsDNA with 3' extensions, but not blunt-ended dsDNA, unless it contains a lesion, as shown for CPD or (6-4) photoproducts. Together, these results provide an unexpected mechanism of DNA unwinding with implications for XPB damage verification in nucleotide excision repair.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Life Sciences Division, Department of Molecular Biology, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA repair protein RAD25A, B, C, D472Archaeoglobus fulgidusMutation(s): 0 
EC: 3.6.4.12
UniProt
Find proteins for O29889 (Archaeoglobus fulgidus (strain ATCC 49558 / VC-16 / DSM 4304 / JCM 9628 / NBRC 100126))
Explore O29889 
Go to UniProtKB:  O29889
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.300 
  • R-Value Work: 0.237 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.221 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 49.085α = 79.03
b = 97.963β = 85.54
c = 113.731γ = 89.69
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
ADSCdata collection
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2006-04-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-18
    Changes: Refinement description