Structure of FokI has implications for DNA cleavage.Wah, D.A., Bitinaite, J., Schildkraut, I., Aggarwal, A.K.
(1998) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95: 10564-10569
- PubMed: 9724743
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.95.18.10564
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
FokI is a member an unusual class of restriction enzymes that recognize a specific DNA sequence and cleave nonspecifically a short distance away from that sequence. FokI consists of an N-terminal DNA recognition domain and a C-terminal cleavage domain. The bipartite nature of FokI has led to the development of artificial enzymes with novel specificities. We have solved the structure of FokI to 2.3 A resolution. The structure reveals a dimer, in which the dimerization interface is mediated by the cleavage domain. Each monomer has an overall conformation similar to that found in the FokI-DNA complex, with the cleavage domain packing alongside the DNA recognition domain. In corroboration with the cleavage data presented in the accompanying paper in this issue of Proceedings, we propose a model for FokI DNA cleavage that requires the dimerization of FokI on DNA to cleave both DNA strands.
Structural Biology Program, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Box 1677, 1425 Madison Avenue, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA.