Structural Insight into Concerted Inhibition of alpha(2)beta(2)-Type Aspartate Kinase from Corynebacterium glutamicumYoshida, A., Tomita, T., Kurihara, T., Fushinobu, S., Kuzuyama, T., Nishiyama, M.
(2007) J Mol Biol 368: 521-536
- PubMed: 17350037
- DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2007.02.017
- Structures With Same Primary Citation
- PubMed Abstract:
- Cloning of a DNA fragment from Corynebacterium glutamicum conferring aminoethyl cysteine resistance
and feedback resistance to aspartokinase
Thierbach, G., Kalinowski, J., Bachmann, B., Puhler, A.
(1990) Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 32: 443
- Genetic and biochemical analysis of the aspartokinase from Corynebacterium glutamicum
Kalinowski, J., Cremer, J., Bachmann, B., Eggeling, L., Sahm, H., Puhler, A.
(1991) Mol Microbiol 5: 1197
- Conversion of feedback regulation in aspartate kinase by domain exchange
Kato, C., Kurihara, T., Kobashi, N., Yamane, H., Nishiyama, M.
(2004) Biochem Biophys Res Commun 316: 802
Aspartate kinase (AK) catalyzes the first step of the biosynthesis of the aspartic acid family amino acids, and is regulated via feedback inhibition by end-products including Thr and Lys. To elucidate the mechanism of this inhibition, we determined t ...
Aspartate kinase (AK) catalyzes the first step of the biosynthesis of the aspartic acid family amino acids, and is regulated via feedback inhibition by end-products including Thr and Lys. To elucidate the mechanism of this inhibition, we determined the crystal structure of the regulatory subunit of AK from Corynebacterium glutamicum at 1.58 A resolution in the Thr-binding form, the first crystal structure of the regulatory subunit of alpha(2)beta(2)-type AK. The regulatory subunit contains two ACT domain motifs per monomer and is arranged as a dimer. Two non-equivalent ACT domains from different chains form an effector-binding unit that binds a single Thr molecule, and the resulting two effector-binding units of the dimer associate perpendicularly in a face-to-face manner. The regulatory subunit is a monomer in the absence of Thr but becomes a dimer by adding Thr. The dimerization is eliminated in mutant AKs with changes in the Thr-binding region, suggesting that the dimerization induced by Thr binding is a key step in the inhibitory mechanism of AK from C. glutamicum. A putative Lys-binding site and the inhibitory mechanism of CgAK are discussed.
Biotechnology Research Center, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan.