Crystal structure of archaeal highly thermostable L-aspartate dehydrogenase/NAD/citrate ternary complex.Yoneda, K., Sakuraba, H., Tsuge, H., Katunuma, N., Ohshima, T.
(2007) FEBS J 274: 4315-4325
- PubMed: 17651440
- DOI: 10.1111/j.1742-4658.2007.05961.x
- Structures With Same Primary Citation
- PubMed Abstract:
The crystal structure of the highly thermostable L-aspartate dehydrogenase (L-aspDH; EC 184.108.40.206) from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Archaeoglobus fulgidus was determined in the presence of NAD and a substrate analog, citrate. The dimeric structure ...
The crystal structure of the highly thermostable L-aspartate dehydrogenase (L-aspDH; EC 220.127.116.11) from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Archaeoglobus fulgidus was determined in the presence of NAD and a substrate analog, citrate. The dimeric structure of A. fulgidus L-aspDH was refined at a resolution of 1.9 A with a crystallographic R-factor of 21.7% (R(free) = 22.6%). The structure indicates that each subunit consists of two domains separated by a deep cleft containing an active site. Structural comparison of the A. fulgidus L-aspDH/NAD/citrate ternary complex and the Thermotoga maritima L-aspDH/NAD binary complex showed that A. fulgidus L-aspDH assumes a closed conformation and that a large movement of the two loops takes place during substrate binding. Like T. maritima L-aspDH, the A. fulgidus enzyme is highly thermostable. But whereas a large number of inter- and intrasubunit ion pairs are responsible for the stability of A. fulgidus L-aspDH, a large number of inter- and intrasubunit aromatic pairs stabilize the T. maritima enzyme. Thus stabilization of these two L-aspDHs appears to be achieved in different ways. This is the first detailed description of substrate and coenzyme binding to L-aspDH and of the molecular basis of the high thermostability of a hyperthermophilic L-aspDH.
Institute of Genetic Resources, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.