2CYA

Crystal structure of tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase from Aeropyrum pernix


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.238 
  • R-Value Work: 0.211 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal Structures of Tyrosyl-tRNA Synthetases from Archaea

Kuratani, M.Sakai, H.Takahashi, M.Yanagisawa, T.Kobayashi, T.Murayama, K.Chen, L.Liu, Z.J.Wang, B.C.Kuroishi, C.Kuramitsu, S.Terada, T.Bessho, Y.Shirouzu, M.Sekine, S.I.Yokoyama, S.

(2005) J.Mol.Biol. 355: 395-408

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2005.10.073
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (TyrRS) catalyzes the tyrosylation of tRNA(Tyr) in a two-step reaction. TyrRS has the "HIGH" and "KMSKS" motifs, which play essential roles in the formation of the tyrosyl-adenylate from tyrosine and ATP. Here, we determined t ...

    Tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (TyrRS) catalyzes the tyrosylation of tRNA(Tyr) in a two-step reaction. TyrRS has the "HIGH" and "KMSKS" motifs, which play essential roles in the formation of the tyrosyl-adenylate from tyrosine and ATP. Here, we determined the crystal structures of Archaeoglobus fulgidus and Pyrococcus horikoshii TyrRSs in the l-tyrosine-bound form at 1.8A and 2.2A resolutions, respectively, and that of Aeropyrum pernix TyrRS in the substrate-free form at 2.2 A. The conformation of the KMSKS motif differs among the three TyrRSs. In the A.pernix TyrRS, the KMSKS loop conformation corresponds to the ATP-bound "closed" form. In contrast, the KMSKS loop of the P.horikoshii TyrRS forms a novel 3(10) helix, which appears to correspond to the "semi-closed" form. This conformation enlarges the entrance to the tyrosine-binding pocket, which facilitates the pyrophosphate ion release after the tyrosyl-adenylate formation, and probably is involved in the initial tRNA binding. The KMSSS loop of the A.fulgidus TyrRS is somewhat farther from the active site and is stabilized by hydrogen bonds. Based on the three structures, possible structural changes of the KMSKS motif during the tyrosine activation reaction are discussed. We suggest that the insertion sequence just before the KMSKS motif, which exists in some archaeal species, enhances the binding affinity of the TyrRS for its cognate tRNA. In addition, a non-proline cis peptide bond, which is involved in the tRNA binding, is conserved among the archaeal TyrRSs.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biophysics and Biochemistry, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase
A
364Aeropyrum pernix (strain ATCC 700893 / DSM 11879 / JCM 9820 / NBRC 100138 / K1)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: tyrS
EC: 6.1.1.1
Find proteins for Q9YA64 (Aeropyrum pernix (strain ATCC 700893 / DSM 11879 / JCM 9820 / NBRC 100138 / K1))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9YA64
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.238 
  • R-Value Work: 0.211 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 65.912α = 90.00
b = 65.912β = 90.00
c = 196.168γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
SOLVEphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-11-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Derived calculations, Version format compliance