2CQT

Crystal Structure of Cellvibrio gilvus Cellobiose Phosphorylase Crystallized from Sodium/Potassium Phosphate


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.220 
  • R-Value Work: 0.180 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.180 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural dissection of the reaction mechanism of cellobiose phosphorylase.

Hidaka, M.Kitaoka, M.Hayashi, K.Wakagi, T.Shoun, H.Fushinobu, S.

(2006) Biochem J 398: 37-43

  • DOI: 10.1042/BJ20060274
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Cellobiose phosphorylase, a member of the glycoside hydrolase family 94, catalyses the reversible phosphorolysis of cellobiose into alpha-D-glucose 1-phosphate and D-glucose with inversion of the anomeric configuration. The substrate specificity and ...

    Cellobiose phosphorylase, a member of the glycoside hydrolase family 94, catalyses the reversible phosphorolysis of cellobiose into alpha-D-glucose 1-phosphate and D-glucose with inversion of the anomeric configuration. The substrate specificity and reaction mechanism of cellobiose phosphorylase from Cellvibrio gilvus have been investigated in detail. We have determined the crystal structure of the glucose-sulphate and glucose-phosphate complexes of this enzyme at a maximal resolution of 2.0 A (1 A=0.1 nm). The phosphate ion is strongly held through several hydrogen bonds, and the configuration appears to be suitable for direct nucleophilic attack to an anomeric centre. Structural features around the sugar-donor and sugar-acceptor sites were consistent with the results of extensive kinetic studies. When we compared this structure with that of homologous chitobiose phosphorylase, we identified key residues for substrate discrimination between glucose and N-acetylglucosamine in both the sugar-donor and sugar-acceptor sites. We found that the active site pocket of cellobiose phosphorylase was covered by an additional loop, indicating that some conformational change is required upon substrate binding. Information on the three-dimensional structure of cellobiose phosphorylase will facilitate engineering of this enzyme, the application of which to practical oligosaccharide synthesis has already been established.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biotechnology, University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Cellobiose PhosphorylaseA, B842Cellulomonas gilvusMutation(s): 0 
EC: 2.4.1.20
Find proteins for O66264 (Cellulomonas gilvus)
Explore O66264 
Go to UniProtKB:  O66264
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
BGC
Query on BGC

Download CCD File 
A, B
beta-D-glucopyranose
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-VFUOTHLCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PO4
Query on PO4

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A, B
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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A, B
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.220 
  • R-Value Work: 0.180 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.180 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 85.275α = 90
b = 98.8β = 102.53
c = 105.102γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-05-16
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Structure summary