2CNK

Crystal structures of caspase-3 in complex with aza-peptide epoxide inhibitors.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.193 
  • R-Value Work: 0.165 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Exploring the S4 and S1 Prime Subsite Specificities in Caspase-3 with Aza-Peptide Epoxide Inhibitors

Ganesan, R.Jelakovic, S.Campbell, A.J.Li, Z.Z.Asgian, J.L.Powers, J.C.Grutter, M.G.

(2006) Biochemistry 45: 9059

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi060364p
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Caspase-3 is a prototypic executioner caspase that plays a central role in apoptosis. Aza-peptide epoxides are a novel class of irreversible inhibitors that are highly specific for clan CD cysteine proteases. The five crystal structures of caspase-3- ...

    Caspase-3 is a prototypic executioner caspase that plays a central role in apoptosis. Aza-peptide epoxides are a novel class of irreversible inhibitors that are highly specific for clan CD cysteine proteases. The five crystal structures of caspase-3-aza-peptide epoxide inhibitor complexes reported here reveal the structural basis for the mechanism of inhibition and the specificities at the S1' and the S4 subsites. Unlike the clan CA cysteine proteases, the catalytic histidine in caspase-3 plays a critical role during protonation and subsequent ring opening of the epoxide moiety and facilitates the nucleophilic attack by the active site cysteine. The nucleophilic attack takes place on the C3 carbon atom of the epoxide and results in an irreversible alkylation of the active site cysteine residue. A favorable network of hydrogen bonds involving the oxyanion hole, catalytic histidine, and the atoms in the prime site of the inhibitor enhance the binding affinity and specificity of the aza-peptide epoxide inhibitors toward caspase-3. The studies also reveal that subtle movements of the N-terminal loop of the beta-subunit occur when the P4 Asp is replaced by a P4 Ile, whereas the N-terminal loop and the safety catch Asp179 are completely disordered when the P4 Asp is replaced by P4 Cbz group.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zurich, Switzerland.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
CASPASE-3 P17 SUBUNIT
A
147Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CASP3 (CPP32)
EC: 3.4.22.56
Find proteins for P42574 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: CASP3
Go to UniProtKB:  P42574
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
CASPASE-3 P12 SUBUNIT
B
103Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CASP3 (CPP32)
EC: 3.4.22.56
Find proteins for P42574 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: CASP3
Go to UniProtKB:  P42574
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
AZA-PEPTIDE EXPOXIDE
I
5N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Small Molecules
Biologically Interesting Molecules 1 Unique
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_000673
Query on PRD_000673
ICBZ-ASP-GLU-VAL-azaASP-EP-COO-CH2PHPeptide-like / Enzyme inhibitor

--

Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.193 
  • R-Value Work: 0.165 
  • Space Group: I 2 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 66.784α = 90.00
b = 83.786β = 90.00
c = 96.453γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALAdata scaling
CNSrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2007-05-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Atomic model, Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2012-11-30
    Type: Other
  • Version 1.3: 2017-02-08
    Type: Source and taxonomy
  • Version 1.4: 2017-06-28
    Type: Data collection