2BCD

X-ray crystal structure of Protein Phosphatase-1 with the marine toxin motuporin bound


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.264 
  • R-Value Work: 0.221 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.223 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal Structures of Protein Phosphatase-1 Bound to Motuporin and Dihydromicrocystin-LA: Elucidation of the Mechanism of Enzyme Inhibition by Cyanobacterial Toxins.

Maynes, J.T.Luu, H.A.Cherney, M.M.Andersen, R.J.Williams, D.Holmes, C.F.James, M.N.

(2006) J Mol Biol 356: 111-120

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2005.11.019
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2BCD, 2BDX

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The microcystins and nodularins are tumour promoting hepatotoxins that are responsible for global adverse human health effects and wildlife fatalities in countries where drinking water supplies contain cyanobacteria. The toxins function by inhibiting broad specificity Ser/Thr protein phosphatases in the host cells, thereby disrupting signal transduction pathways ...

    The microcystins and nodularins are tumour promoting hepatotoxins that are responsible for global adverse human health effects and wildlife fatalities in countries where drinking water supplies contain cyanobacteria. The toxins function by inhibiting broad specificity Ser/Thr protein phosphatases in the host cells, thereby disrupting signal transduction pathways. A previous crystal structure of a microcystin bound to the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase-1 (PP-1c) showed distinct changes in the active site region when compared with protein phosphatase-1 structures bound to other toxins. We have elucidated the crystal structures of the cyanotoxins, motuporin (nodularin-V) and dihydromicrocystin-LA bound to human protein phosphatase-1c (gamma isoform). The atomic structures of these complexes reveal the structural basis for inhibition of protein phosphatases by these toxins. Comparisons of the structures of the cyanobacterial toxin:phosphatase complexes explain the biochemical mechanism by which microcystins but not nodularins permanently modify their protein phosphatase targets by covalent addition to an active site cysteine residue.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Group in Protein Structure and Function Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta, Canada T6G 2H7.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Serine/threonine protein phosphatase PP1-gamma catalytic subunitA323Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PPP1CC
EC: 3.1.3.16
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P36873 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P36873 
Go to UniProtKB:  P36873
PHAROS:  P36873
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
MOTUPORINB5Theonella sp.Mutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Biologically Interesting Molecules (External Reference) 1 Unique
Entity ID: 2
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_000213
Query on PRD_000213
BmotuporinCyclic peptide /  Toxin

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Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.264 
  • R-Value Work: 0.221 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.223 
  • Space Group: P 42 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 100.955α = 90
b = 100.955β = 90
c = 63.485γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALAdata scaling
AMoREphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
MOSFLMdata reduction
CCP4data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2006-01-17
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Atomic model, Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2011-07-27
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.4: 2012-12-12
    Changes: Other