2B5T

2.1 Angstrom structure of a nonproductive complex between antithrombin, synthetic heparin mimetic SR123781 and two S195A thrombin molecules


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.209 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.209 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report



Literature

Crystal structure of monomeric native antithrombin reveals a novel reactive center loop conformation.

Johnson, D.J.Langdown, J.Li, W.Luis, S.A.Baglin, T.P.Huntington, J.A.

(2006) J Biol Chem 281: 35478-35486

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M607204200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1T1F, 2B5T, 2BEH

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The poor inhibitory activity of circulating antithrombin (AT) is critical to the formation of blood clots at sites of vascular damage. AT becomes an efficient inhibitor of the coagulation proteases only after binding to a specific heparin pentasaccha ...

    The poor inhibitory activity of circulating antithrombin (AT) is critical to the formation of blood clots at sites of vascular damage. AT becomes an efficient inhibitor of the coagulation proteases only after binding to a specific heparin pentasaccharide, which alters the conformation of the reactive center loop (RCL). The molecular basis of this activation event lies at the heart of the regulation of hemostasis and accounts for the anticoagulant properties of the low molecular weight heparins. Although several structures of AT have been solved, the conformation of the RCL in native AT remains unknown because of the obligate crystal contact between the RCL of native AT and its latent counterpart. Here we report the crystallographic structure of a variant of AT in its monomeric native state. The RCL shifted approximately 20 A, and a salt bridge was observed between the P1 residue (Arg-393) and Glu-237. This contact explains the effect of mutations at the P1 position on the affinity of AT for heparin and also the properties of AT-Truro (E237K). The relevance of the observed conformation was verified through mutagenesis studies and by solving structures of the same variant in different crystal forms. We conclude that the poor inhibitory activity of the circulating form of AT is partially conferred by intramolecular contacts that restrain the RCL, orient the P1 residue away from attacking proteases, and additionally block the exosite utilized in protease recognition.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Haematology, Division of Structural Medicine, Thrombosis Research Unit, Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, University of Cambridge, Wellcome Trust/MRC Building, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2XY, United Kingdom.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ThrombinAC49Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
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Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
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PHAROS  P00734
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ThrombinBD259Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00734 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P00734
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Antithrombin-IIII432Homo sapiensMutation(s): 3 
Gene Names: SERPINC1AT3PRO0309
Find proteins for P01008 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P01008 
Go to UniProtKB:  P01008
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PHAROS  P01008
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

Help

Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-L-fucopyranose-(1-6)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
E, F
2 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
2,3,4,6-tetra-O-sulfonato-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-sulfo-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-sulfonato-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-sulfonato-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-sulfonato-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3-di-O-methyl-beta-D-glucopyranuronic acid-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-sulfo-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3-di-O-methyl-alpha-L-idopyranuronic acid-(1-4)-methyl 3-O-methyl-2,6-di-O-sulfo-alpha-D-glucopyranoside
G
16 N/A Oligosaccharides Interaction
Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-2)-alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-[alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-6)]beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-[alpha-L-fucopyranose-(1-6)]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
H
7 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Entity ID: 7
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
J
2 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAG
Query on NAG

Download CCD File 
I
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

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B, D, I
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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A, B, D, I
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.209 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.209 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 59.28α = 77.55
b = 59.53β = 78.94
c = 108.41γ = 68.08
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
CCP4data scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-09-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary