2AAF

Structure of H278A arginine deiminase with L-arginine forming a S-alkylthiouronium reaction intermediate


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.264 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal Structures Representing the Michaelis Complex and the Thiouronium Reaction Intermediate of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Arginine Deiminase.

Galkin, A.Lu, X.Dunaway-Mariano, D.Herzberg, O.

(2005) J.Biol.Chem. 280: 34080-34087

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M505471200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • L-arginine deiminase (ADI) catalyzes the irreversible hydrolysis of L-arginine to citrulline and ammonia. In a previous report of the structure of apoADI from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the four residues that form the catalytic motif were identified as ...

    L-arginine deiminase (ADI) catalyzes the irreversible hydrolysis of L-arginine to citrulline and ammonia. In a previous report of the structure of apoADI from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the four residues that form the catalytic motif were identified as Cys406, His278, Asp280, and Asp166. The function of Cys406 in nucleophilic catalysis has been demonstrated by transient kinetic studies. In this study, the structure of the C406A mutant in complex with L-arginine is reported to provide a snapshot of the enzyme.substrate complex. Through the comparison of the structures of apoenzyme and substrate-bound enzyme, a substrate-induced conformational transition, which might play an important role in activity regulation, was discovered. Furthermore, the position of the guanidinium group of the bound substrate relative to the side chains of His278, Asp280, and Asp166 indicated that these residues mediate multiple proton transfers. His278 and Asp280, which are positioned to activate the water nucleophile in the hydrolysis of the S-alkylthiouronium intermediate, were replaced with alanine to stabilize the intermediate for structure determination. The structures determined for the H278A and D280A mutants co-crystallized with L-arginine provide a snapshot of the S-alkylthiouronium adduct formed by attack of Cys406 on the guanidinium carbon of L-arginine followed by the elimination of ammonia. Asp280 and Asp166 engage in ionic interactions with the guanidinium group in the C406A ADI. L-arginine structure and might orient the reaction center and participate in proton transfer. Structure determination of D166A revealed the apoD166A ADI. The collection of structures is interpreted in the context of recent biochemical data to propose a model for ADI substrate recognition and catalysis.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Center for Advanced Research in Biotechnology, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Arginine deiminase
A, B, C, D
418Pseudomonas aeruginosa (strain ATCC 15692 / DSM 22644 / CIP 104116 / JCM 14847 / LMG 12228 / 1C / PRS 101 / PAO1)Mutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: arcA
EC: 3.5.3.6
Find proteins for P13981 (Pseudomonas aeruginosa (strain ATCC 15692 / DSM 22644 / CIP 104116 / JCM 14847 / LMG 12228 / 1C / PRS 101 / PAO1))
Go to UniProtKB:  P13981
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
CYR
Query on CYR
A, B, C, D
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC9 H19 N4 O4 SCYS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.264 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 90.800α = 90.00
b = 121.200β = 90.00
c = 151.300γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CrystalCleardata collection
CNSrefinement
CNSphasing
CrystalCleardata reduction
CrystalCleardata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-08-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Derived calculations, Version format compliance