2A31

Trypsin in complex with borate


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.25 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.162 
  • R-Value Work: 0.140 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

NMR and crystallographic characterization of adventitious borate binding by trypsin.

Transue, T.R.Gabel, S.A.London, R.E.

(2006) Bioconjug.Chem. 17: 300-308

  • DOI: 10.1021/bc0502210
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Recent 11B NMR studies of the formation of ternary complexes of trypsin, borate, and S1-binding alcohols revealed evidence for an additional binding interaction external to the enzyme active site. We have explored this binding interaction as a protot ...

    Recent 11B NMR studies of the formation of ternary complexes of trypsin, borate, and S1-binding alcohols revealed evidence for an additional binding interaction external to the enzyme active site. We have explored this binding interaction as a prototypical interaction of borate and boronate ligands with residues on the protein surface. NMR studies of trypsin in which the active site is blocked with leupeptin or with the irreversible inhibitor 4-(2-aminoethyl) benzenesulfonyl fluoride hydrochloride (AEBSF) indicate the existence of a low-affinity borate binding site with an apparent dissociation constant of 97 mM, measured at pH 8.0. Observation of a field-dependent dynamic frequency shift of the (11)B resonance indicates that it corresponds to a complex for which omegatau > 1. The 0.12 ppm shift difference of the borate resonances measured at 11.75 and 7.05 T, corresponds to a quadrupole coupling constant of 260 kHz. A much larger 2.0 ppm shift is observed in the 11B NMR spectra of trypsin complexed with benzene boronic acid (BBA), leading to a calculated quadrupole coupling constant of 1.1 MHz for this complex. Crystallographic studies identify the second borate binding site as a serine-rich region on the surface of the molecule. Specifically, a complex obtained at pH 10.6 shows a borate ion covalently bonded to the hydroxyl oxygen atoms of Ser164 and Ser167, with additional stabilization coming from two hydrogen-bonding interactions. A similar structure, although with low occupancy (30%), is observed for a trypsin-BBA complex. In this case, the BBA is also observed in the active site, covalently bound in two different conformations to both His57 Nepsilon and Ser195 Ogamma. An analysis of pairwise hydroxyl oxygen distances was able to predict the secondary borate binding site in porcine trypsin, and this approach is potentially useful for prediction of borate binding sites on the surfaces of other proteins. However, the distances between the Ser164/Ser167 Ogamma atoms in all of the reported trypsin crystal structures is significantly greater than the Ogamma distances of 2.2 and 1.9 angstroms observed in the trypsin complexes with borate and BBA, respectively. Thus, the ability of the hydroxyl oxygens to adopt a sufficiently close orientation to allow bidentate ligation is a critical limit on the borate binding affinity of surface-accessible serine/threonine/tyrosine residues.


    Related Citations: 
    • X-ray and NMR characterization of covalent complexes of trypsin, borate, and alcohols
      Transue, T.R.,Krahn, J.M.,Gabel, S.A.,DeRose, E.F.,London, R.E.
      (2004) Biochemistry 43: 2829


    Organizational Affiliation

    National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Laboratory of Structural Biology, Box 12233, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Trypsin
A
223Sus scrofaMutation(s): 0 
EC: 3.4.21.4
Find proteins for P00761 (Sus scrofa)
Go to UniProtKB:  P00761
Small Molecules
Ligands 6 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PG3
Query on PG3

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A
GUANIDINE-3-PROPANOL
C4 H12 N3 O
JDXXTKLHHZMVIO-UHFFFAOYSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

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A
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

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A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

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A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BO4
Query on BO4

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A
BORATE ION
B H4 O4
KCFLOKKYWBPKFN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
BO4Kd: 97000000 nM PDBBIND
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.25 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.162 
  • R-Value Work: 0.140 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 76.304α = 90.00
b = 53.446β = 90.00
c = 46.466γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSphasing
Omodel building
CNSrefinement
MolProbitymodel building
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-07-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2007-10-21
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-11
    Type: Advisory, Refinement description