2A2C

x-ray structure of human N-acetyl galactosamine kinase complexed with Mg-ADP and N-acetyl galactosamine 1-phosphate


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.201 
  • R-Value Work: 0.167 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.168 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The molecular architecture of human N-acetylgalactosamine kinase.

Thoden, J.B.Holden, H.M.

(2005) J Biol Chem 280: 32784-32791

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M505730200
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Galactokinase plays a key role in normal galactose metabolism by catalyzing the conversion of alpha-d-galactose to galactose 1-phosphate. Within recent years, the three-dimensional structures of human galactokinase and two bacterial forms of the enzy ...

    Galactokinase plays a key role in normal galactose metabolism by catalyzing the conversion of alpha-d-galactose to galactose 1-phosphate. Within recent years, the three-dimensional structures of human galactokinase and two bacterial forms of the enzyme have been determined. Originally, the gene encoding galactokinase in humans was mapped to chromosome 17. An additional gene, encoding a protein with sequence similarity to galactokinase, was subsequently mapped to chromosome 15. Recent reports have shown that this second gene (GALK2) encodes an enzyme with greater activity against GalNAc than galactose. This enzyme, GalNAc kinase, has been implicated in a salvage pathway for the reutilization of free GalNAc derived from the degradation of complex carbohydrates. Here we report the first structural analysis of a GalNAc kinase. The structure of the human enzyme was solved in the presence of MnAMPPNP and GalNAc or MgATP and GalNAc (which resulted in bound products in the active site). The enzyme displays a distinctly bilobal appearance with its active site wedged between the two domains. The N-terminal region is dominated by a seven-stranded mixed beta-sheet, whereas the C-terminal motif contains two layers of anti-parallel beta-sheet. The overall topology displayed by GalNAc kinase places it into the GHMP superfamily of enzymes, which generally function as small molecule kinases. From this investigation, the geometry of the GalNAc kinase active site before and after catalysis has been revealed, and the determinants of substrate specificity have been defined on a molecular level.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
N-acetylgalactosamine kinaseA478Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: GALK2GK2
EC: 2.7.1 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.1.157 (UniProt)
Find proteins for Q01415 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q01415 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q01415
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  Q01415
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ADP
Query on ADP

Download CCD File 
A
ADENOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O10 P2
XTWYTFMLZFPYCI-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NG1
Query on NG1

Download CCD File 
A
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-1-O-phosphono-alpha-D-galactopyranose
C8 H16 N O9 P
FZLJPEPAYPUMMR-JAJWTYFOSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

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A
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.201 
  • R-Value Work: 0.167 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.168 
  • Space Group: P 65
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 123.8α = 90
b = 123.8β = 90
c = 60.1γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
dSTARdata collection
HKL-2000data reduction
SOLVEphasing
TNTrefinement
d*TREKdata reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-07-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2019-11-13
    Changes: Database references, Structure summary
  • Version 1.4: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary