2ZLC

2-Substituted-16-ene-22-thia-1alpha,25-dihydroxy-26,27-dimethyl-19-norvitamin D3 analogs: Synthesis, biological evaluation and crystal structure


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.261 
  • R-Value Work: 0.225 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

2-Substituted-16-ene-22-thia-1alpha,25-dihydroxy-26,27-dimethyl-19-norvitamin D3 analogs: Synthesis, biological evaluation, and crystal structure

Shimizu, M.Miyamoto, Y.Takaku, H.Matsuo, M.Nakabayashi, M.Masuno, H.Udagawa, N.DeLuca, H.F.Ikura, T.Ito, N.

(2008) Bioorg.Med.Chem. 16: 6949-6964

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.bmc.2008.05.043
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  2ZL9, 2ZLA

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Recently, we have found that 16-ene-22-thia-26,27-dimethyl-19-norvitamin D(3) analogs 1a (n=2, 3) are 20 times more active than the natural hormone 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) in terms of transcriptional activity. To further investigate the effec ...

    Recently, we have found that 16-ene-22-thia-26,27-dimethyl-19-norvitamin D(3) analogs 1a (n=2, 3) are 20 times more active than the natural hormone 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) in terms of transcriptional activity. To further investigate the effects of the A-ring modification of 1a, b on the biological activity profile, novel 22-thia-19-norvitamin D analogs 2-11 bearing a hydroxyethoxy-, hydroxyethylidene- or methyl group at C-2 in combination with 20S- and 20R-isomers were prepared and tested for their in vitro biological activities. All of the synthesized analogs showed 0.5-140% of the activity of the natural hormone in binding to the vitamin D receptor (VDR). When compared with the transcriptional activity of C-2 or C-20 isomeric pairs of the 22-thia analogs, the 20S-isomers 2-11a were more potent than the 20R-isomers 2, 3, 8-11b, and the 2beta-hydroxyethoxy, 2E-hydroxyethylidene, and 2alpha-methyl-2beta-hydroxy-22-thia isomers showed higher potency than their corresponding counterparts. In particular, 3a exhibited an extremely higher level of potency (210-fold) than the natural hormone. To elucidate the action mode of superagonist 3a at the molecular level, we determined the crystal structures of the rat VDR-ligand-binding domain complexed with 3a or 3b in the presence of peptide containing a nuclear box motif (LxxLL) at 1.9-2.0A resolution. The crystal structures demonstrated that the 1alpha-OH, 3beta-OH, and 25-OH groups of the natural hormone and 3a were anchored by the same amino acid residues in the ligand-binding pocket, and the terminal OH moiety of the substituent at C-2 formed hydrogen bonds with Arg270 and a water molecule to create a tight water molecule network. Moreover, the methyl groups at C-26a and C-27a make additional contact with hydrophobic residues such as Leu223, Ala227, Val230, and Ala299. These hydrophilic and hydrophobic interactions in 3a may underlie the induction of superagonistic activity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Biomedical Science, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 2-3-10 Kanda-Surugadai, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-0062, Japan.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Vitamin D3 receptor
A
271Rattus norvegicusGene Names: Vdr (Nr1i1)
Find proteins for P13053 (Rattus norvegicus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P13053
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Coactivator peptide DRIP
C
13N/AN/A
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
VDX
Query on VDX

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
5-{2-[1-(5-HYDROXY-1,5-DIMETHYL-HEXYL)-7A-METHYL-OCTAHYDRO-INDEN-4-YLIDENE]-ETHYLIDENE}-4-METHYLENE-CYCLOHEXANE-1,3-DIOL
1,25 DIHYDROXY VITAMIN D3
C27 H44 O3
GMRQFYUYWCNGIN-NKMMMXOESA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.261 
  • R-Value Work: 0.225 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 153.859α = 90.00
b = 41.998β = 96.06
c = 41.951γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data scaling
HKL-2000data reduction
CNSphasing
ADSCdata collection

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-06-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance