Structural Basis of Pullulanase Membrane Binding and Secretion Revealed by X-Ray Crystallography, Molecular Dynamics and Biochemical AnalysisEast, A., Mechaly, A.E., Huysmans, G.H.M., Bernarde, C., Tello-Manigne, D., Nadeau, N., Pugsley, A.P., Buschiazzo, A., Alzari, P.M., Bond, P.J., Francetic, O.
(2016) Structure 24: 92
- PubMed: 26688215
- DOI: 10.1016/j.str.2015.10.023
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
The Klebsiella lipoprotein pullulanase (PulA) is exported to the periplasm, triacylated, and anchored via lipids in the inner membrane (IM) prior to its transport to the bacterial surface through a type II secretion system (T2SS). X-Ray crystallograp ...
The Klebsiella lipoprotein pullulanase (PulA) is exported to the periplasm, triacylated, and anchored via lipids in the inner membrane (IM) prior to its transport to the bacterial surface through a type II secretion system (T2SS). X-Ray crystallography and atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of PulA in a 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (POPE) model membrane provided an unprecedented molecular view of an N-terminal unstructured tether and the IM lipoprotein retention signal, and revealed novel interactions with the IM via N-terminal immunoglobulin-like domains in PulA. An efficiently secreted nonacylated variant (PulANA) showed similar peripheral membrane association during MD simulations, consistent with the binding of purified PulANA to liposomes. Remarkably, combined X-ray, MD, and functional studies identified a novel subdomain, Ins, inserted in the α-amylase domain, which is required for PulA secretion. Available data support a model in which PulA binding to the IM promotes interactions with the T2SS, possibly via the Ins subdomain.
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