2YD2

Crystal structure of the N-terminal Ig1-2 module of Human Receptor Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase Sigma


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.55 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.260 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.200 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Proteoglycan-Specific Molecular Switch for Rptp Sigma Clustering and Neuronal Extension.

Coles, C.H.Shen, Y.Tenney, A.P.Siebold, C.Sutton, G.C.Lu, W.Gallagher, J.T.Jones, E.Y.Flanagan, J.G.Aricescu, A.R.

(2011) Science 332: 484

  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1200840
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2YD5, 2YD6, 2YD7, 2YD8, 2YD9, 2YD1, 2YD2, 2YD3, 2YD4

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Heparan and chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs and CSPGs, respectively) regulate numerous cell surface signaling events, with typically opposite effects on cell function. CSPGs inhibit nerve regeneration through receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase sigma (RPTPσ) ...

    Heparan and chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs and CSPGs, respectively) regulate numerous cell surface signaling events, with typically opposite effects on cell function. CSPGs inhibit nerve regeneration through receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase sigma (RPTPσ). Here we report that RPTPσ acts bimodally in sensory neuron extension, mediating CSPG inhibition and HSPG growth promotion. Crystallographic analyses of a shared HSPG-CSPG binding site reveal a conformational plasticity that can accommodate diverse glycosaminoglycans with comparable affinities. Heparan sulfate and analogs induced RPTPσ ectodomain oligomerization in solution, which was inhibited by chondroitin sulfate. RPTPσ and HSPGs colocalize in puncta on sensory neurons in culture, whereas CSPGs occupy the extracellular matrix. These results lead to a model where proteoglycans can exert opposing effects on neuronal extension by competing to control the oligomerization of a common receptor.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, OX3 7BN, UK.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
RECEPTOR-TYPE TYROSINE-PROTEIN PHOSPHATASE SA214Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PTPRS
EC: 3.1.3.48
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q13332 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q13332 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q13332
PHAROS:  Q13332
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.55 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.260 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.200 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 124.4α = 90
b = 29.49β = 92.61
c = 61.58γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
xia2data reduction
XDSdata reduction
xia2data scaling
SCALAdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2011-04-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance