Crystal structure of the DNA-binding domain of human p53 with extended N terminus

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 1.68 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.209 
  • R-Value Work: 0.173 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.175 

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Interaction of the P53 DNA-Binding Domain with its N-Terminal Extension Modulates the Stability of the P53 Tetramer.

Natan, E.Baloglu, C.Pagel, K.Freund, S.M.Morgner, N.Robinson, C.V.Fersht, A.R.Joerger, A.C.

(2011) J Mol Biol 409: 358

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2011.03.047
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    The tetrameric tumor suppressor p53 plays a pivotal role in the control of the cell cycle and provides a paradigm for an emerging class of oligomeric, multidomain proteins with structured and intrinsically disordered regions. Many of its biophysical and functional properties have been extrapolated from truncated variants, yet the exact structural and functional role of certain segments of the protein is unclear. We found from NMR and X-ray crystallography that the DNA-binding domain (DBD) of human p53, usually defined as residues 94-292, extends beyond these domain boundaries. Trp91, in the hinge region between the disordered proline-rich N-terminal domain and the DBD, folds back onto the latter and has a cation-π interaction with Arg174. These additional interactions increase the melting temperature of the DBD by up to 2 °C and inhibit aggregation of the p53 tetramer. They also modulate the dissociation of the p53 tetramer. The absence of the Trp91/Arg174 packing presumably allows nonnative DBD-DBD interactions that both nucleate aggregation and stabilize the interface. These data have important implications for studies of multidomain proteins in general, highlighting the fact that weak ordered-disordered domain interactions can modulate the properties of proteins of complex structure.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
A, B
205Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P04637 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P04637 
Go to UniProtKB:  P04637
PHAROS:  P04637
GTEx:  ENSG00000141510 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP04637
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 1.68 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.209 
  • R-Value Work: 0.173 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.175 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 51.5α = 90
b = 68.45β = 99.46
c = 58.89γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2011-03-30
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-26
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2019-05-08
    Changes: Data collection, Experimental preparation, Other
  • Version 1.4: 2024-05-08
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations