2X0L

Crystal structure of a neuro-specific splicing variant of human histone lysine demethylase LSD1.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.252 
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Alternative Splicing of the Histone Demethylase Lsd1/Kdm1 Contributes to the Modulation of Neurite Morphogenesis in the Mammalian Nervous System.

Zibetti, C.Adamo, A.Binda, C.Forneris, F.Toffolo, E.Verpelli, C.Ginelli, E.Mattevi, A.Sala, C.Battaglioli, E.

(2010) J.Neurosci. 30: 2521

  • DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5500-09.2010

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • A variety of chromatin remodeling complexes are thought to orchestrate transcriptional programs that lead neuronal precursors from earliest commitment to terminal differentiation. Here we show that mammalian neurons have a specialized chromatin remod ...

    A variety of chromatin remodeling complexes are thought to orchestrate transcriptional programs that lead neuronal precursors from earliest commitment to terminal differentiation. Here we show that mammalian neurons have a specialized chromatin remodeling enzyme arising from a neurospecific splice variant of LSD1/KDM1, histone lysine specific demethylase 1, whose demethylase activity on Lys4 of histone H3 has been related to gene repression. We found that alternative splicing of LSD1 transcript generates four full-length isoforms from combinatorial retention of two identified exons: the 4 aa exon E8a is internal to the amine oxidase domain, and its inclusion is restricted to the nervous system. Remarkably, the expression of LSD1 splice variants is dynamically regulated throughout cortical development, particularly during perinatal stages, with a progressive increase of LSD1 neurospecific isoforms over the ubiquitous ones. Notably, the same LSD1 splice dynamics can be fairly recapitulated in cultured cortical neurons. Functionally, LSD1 isoforms display in vitro a comparable demethylase activity, yet the inclusion of the sole exon E8a reduces LSD1 repressor activity on a reporter gene. Additional distinction among isoforms is supported by the knockdown of neurospecific variants in cortical neurons resulting in the inhibition of neurite maturation, whereas overexpression of the same variants enhances it. Instead, perturbation of LSD1 isoforms that are devoid of the neurospecific exon elicits no morphogenic effect. Collectively, results demonstrate that the arousal of neuronal LSD1 isoforms pacemakes early neurite morphogenesis, conferring a neurospecific function to LSD1 epigenetic activity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biology and Genetics for Medical Sciences, University of Milan, 20122 Milan, Italy.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
LYSINE-SPECIFIC HISTONE DEMETHYLASE 1
A
734Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: KDM1A (AOF2, KDM1, KIAA0601, LSD1)
EC: 1.-.-.-
Find proteins for O60341 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: KDM1A
Go to UniProtKB:  O60341
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
REST COREPRESSOR 1
B
133Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RCOR1 (KIAA0071, RCOR)
Find proteins for Q9UKL0 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: RCOR1
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9UKL0
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
HISTONE H3 PEPTIDE
C
16Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: HIST1H3A, HIST1H3B, HIST1H3C, HIST1H3D, HIST1H3E, HIST1H3F, HIST1H3G, HIST1H3H, HIST1H3I, HIST1H3J (H3FA, H3FL, H3FC, H3FB, H3FD, H3FI, H3FH, H3FK, H3FF, H3FJ)
Find proteins for P68431 (Homo sapiens)
Go to UniProtKB:  P68431
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FAD
Query on FAD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.252 
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 
  • Space Group: I 2 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 119.690α = 90.00
b = 181.210β = 90.00
c = 233.450γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-03-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-12-14
    Type: Database references, Refinement description, Source and taxonomy, Structure summary, Version format compliance