2WQE

Structure of S155R Aurora-A somatic mutant


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.251 
  • R-Value Work: 0.204 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

A Cancer Associated Aurora-A Mutant is Mislocalised and Misregulated due to Loss of Interaction with Tpx2.

Bibby, R.A.Tang, C.Faisal, A.Drosopoulos, K.Lubbe, S.Houlston, R.Bayliss, R.Linardopoulos, S.

(2009) J.Biol.Chem. 284: 33177

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M109.032722

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Mutations in protein kinases can drive cancer through alterations of the kinase activity or by uncoupling kinase activity from regulation. Changes to protein expression in Aurora A, a mitotic Ser/Thr kinase, are associated with the development of sev ...

    Mutations in protein kinases can drive cancer through alterations of the kinase activity or by uncoupling kinase activity from regulation. Changes to protein expression in Aurora A, a mitotic Ser/Thr kinase, are associated with the development of several human cancers, but the effects of somatic cancer-associated mutations have not been determined. In this study we show that Aurora A kinase activity is altered in different ways in three somatic cancer-associated mutations located within the catalytic domain; Aurora A(V174M) shows constitutively increased kinase activity, Aurora A(S155R) activity is decreased primarily due to misregulation, and Aurora A(S361*) activity is ablated due to loss of structural integrity. These alterations suggest vastly different mechanisms for the role of these three mutations in human cancer. We have further characterized the Aurora A(S155R) mutant protein, found that its reduced cellular activity and mislocalization are due to loss of interaction with TPX2, and deciphered the structural basis of the disruption at 2.5 A resolution. Previous studies have shown that disruption of the Aurora A/TPX2 interaction results in defective spindles that generate chromosomal abnormalities. In a panel of 40 samples from microsatellite instability-positive colon cancer patients, we found one example in which the tumor contained only Aurora A(S155R), whereas the normal tissue contained only wild-type Aurora A. We propose that the S155R mutation is an example of a somatic mutation associated with this tumor type, albeit at modest frequency, that could promote aneuploidy through the loss of regulated interactions between Aurora A and its protein partners.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Section of Structural Biology, The Institute of Cancer Research, Chester Beatty Laboratories, UK.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
SERINE/THREONINE-PROTEIN KINASE 6
A
262Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: AURKA (AIK, AIRK1, ARK1, AURA, AYK1, BTAK, IAK1, STK15, STK6)
EC: 2.7.11.1
Find proteins for O14965 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: AURKA
Go to UniProtKB:  O14965
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ADP
Query on ADP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
ADENOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O10 P2
XTWYTFMLZFPYCI-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.251 
  • R-Value Work: 0.204 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 85.575α = 90.00
b = 85.575β = 90.00
c = 79.949γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
PHENIXrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2009-08-20 
  • Released Date: 2009-09-29 
  • Deposition Author(s): Bibby, R., Bayliss, R.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-09-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance