2WIJ

NONAGED FORM OF HUMAN BUTYRYLCHOLINESTERASE INHIBITED BY TABUN ANALOGUE TA5


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.253 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.201 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure-activity analysis of aging and reactivation of human butyrylcholinesterase inhibited by analogues of tabun.

Carletti, E.Aurbek, N.Gillon, E.Loiodice, M.Nicolet, Y.Fontecilla-Camps, J.C.Masson, P.Thiermann, H.Nachon, F.Worek, F.

(2009) Biochem J 421: 97-106

  • DOI: 10.1042/BJ20090091
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2WIL, 2WID, 2WIF, 2WIG, 2WIJ, 2WIK, 2WSL

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • hBChE [human BChE (butyrylcholinesterase)] naturally scavenges OPs (organophosphates). This bioscavenger is currently in Clinical Phase I for pretreatment of OP intoxication. Phosphylated ChEs (cholinesterases) can undergo a spontaneous time-dependent process called 'aging' during which the conjugate is dealkylated, leading to creation of an enzyme that cannot be reactivated ...

    hBChE [human BChE (butyrylcholinesterase)] naturally scavenges OPs (organophosphates). This bioscavenger is currently in Clinical Phase I for pretreatment of OP intoxication. Phosphylated ChEs (cholinesterases) can undergo a spontaneous time-dependent process called 'aging' during which the conjugate is dealkylated, leading to creation of an enzyme that cannot be reactivated. hBChE inhibited by phosphoramidates such as tabun displays a peculiar resistance to oxime-mediated reactivation. We investigated the basis of oxime resistance of phosphoramidyl-BChE conjugates by determining the kinetics of inhibition, reactivation (obidoxime {1,1'-(oxybis-methylene) bis[4-(hydroxyimino) methyl] pyridinium dichloride}, TMB-4 [1,3-trimethylene-bis(4-hydroxyiminomethylpyridinium) dibromide], HLö 7 {1-[[[4-(aminocarbonyl) pyridinio]methoxy]methyl]-2,4-bis-[(hydroxyimino)methyl] pyridinium dimethanesulfonate)}, HI-6 {1-[[[4-(aminocarbonyl) pyridinio] methoxy] methyl]-2-[(hydroxyimino)methyl]pyridinium dichloride monohydrate} and aging, and the crystal structures of hBChE inhibited by different N-monoalkyl and N,N-dialkyl tabun analogues. The refined structures of aged hBChE conjugates show that aging proceeds through O-dealkylation of the P(R) enantiomer of N,N-diethyl and N-propyl analogues, with subsequent formation of a salt bridge preventing reactivation, similarly to a previous observation made on tabun-ChE conjugates. Interestingly, the N-methyl analogue projects its amino group towards the choline-binding pocket, so that aging proceeds through deamination. This orientation results from a preference of hBChE's acyl-binding pocket for larger than 2-atoms linear substituents. The correlation between the inhibitory potency and the N-monoalkyl chain length is related to increasingly optimized interactions with the acyl-binding pocket as shown by the X-ray structures. These kinetics and X-ray data lead to a structure-activity relationship that highlights steric and electronic effects of the amino substituent of phosphoramidate. This study provides the structural basis to design new oximes capable of reactivating phosphoramidyl-hBChE conjugates after intoxication, notably when hBChE is used as pretreatment, or to design BChE-based catalytic bioscavengers.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Unité d'Enzymologie, Département de Toxicologie, Centre de Recherches du Service de Santé des Armées (CRSSA), 24 av des Maquis du Grésivaudan, 38700 La Tronche, France.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
CHOLINESTERASEA529Homo sapiensMutation(s): 3 
Gene Names: BCHECHE1
EC: 3.1.1.8
Find proteins for P06276 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P06276 
Go to UniProtKB:  P06276
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P06276
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

Help

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-[beta-L-fucopyranose-(1-6)]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseB, D3 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
beta-L-fucopyranose-(1-6)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseC2 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAG
Query on NAG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
K [auth A], L [auth A], M [auth A]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
TN7
Query on TN7

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A]ethyl hydrogen ethylamidophosphate
C4 H12 N O3 P
WWWOVWHNZIPEII-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
G [auth A], I [auth A]SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
H [auth A], J [auth A]CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
F [auth A]SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
TN7Kd :  630000   nM  PDBBind
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.253 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.201 
  • Space Group: I 4 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 155.02α = 90
b = 155.02β = 90
c = 127.22γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction
XSCALEdata scaling
XDSphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-05-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2018-02-28
    Changes: Database references, Source and taxonomy
  • Version 1.4: 2019-01-30
    Changes: Data collection, Experimental preparation
  • Version 1.5: 2019-02-06
    Changes: Data collection, Experimental preparation
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Other, Structure summary