2W8D

Distinct and essential morphogenic functions for wall- and lipo- teichoic acids in Bacillus subtilis


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.35 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.235 
  • R-Value Work: 0.170 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.174 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Distinct and Essential Morphogenic Functions for Wall- and Lipo-Teichoic Acids in Bacillus Subtilis

Schirner, K.Marles-Wright, J.Lewis, R.J.Errington, J.

(2009) EMBO J 28: 830

  • DOI: 10.1038/emboj.2009.25
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2W8D

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Teichoic acids (TAs) are anionic polymers that constitute a major component of the cell wall in most Gram-positive bacteria. Despite decades of study, their function has remained unclear. TAs are covalently linked either to the cell wall peptidoglycan (wall TA (WTA)) or to the membrane (lipo-TA (LTA)) ...

    Teichoic acids (TAs) are anionic polymers that constitute a major component of the cell wall in most Gram-positive bacteria. Despite decades of study, their function has remained unclear. TAs are covalently linked either to the cell wall peptidoglycan (wall TA (WTA)) or to the membrane (lipo-TA (LTA)). We have characterized the key enzyme of LTA synthesis in Bacillus subtilis, LTA synthase (LtaS). We show that LTA is needed for divalent cation homoeostasis and that its absence has severe effects on cell morphogenesis and cell division. Inactivation of both LTA and WTA is lethal and comparison of the individual mutants suggests that they have differentiated roles in elongation (WTA) and division (LTA). B. subtilis has four ltaS paralogues and we show how their roles are partially differentiated. Two paralogues have a redundant role in LTA synthesis during sporulation and their absence gives a novel absolute block in sporulation. The crystal structure of the extracytoplasmic part of LtaS, solved at 2.4-A resolution, reveals a phosphorylated threonine residue, which provides clues about the catalytic mechanism and identifies the active site of the enzyme.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Centre for Bacterial Cell Biology, Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, The Medical School, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PROCESSED GLYCEROL PHOSPHATE LIPOTEICHOIC ACID SYNTHASE 2A, B436Bacillus subtilisMutation(s): 0 
EC: 2.7.8
Find proteins for O34952 (Bacillus subtilis (strain 168))
Explore O34952 
Go to UniProtKB:  O34952
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PG4
Query on PG4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A]TETRAETHYLENE GLYCOL
C8 H18 O5
UWHCKJMYHZGTIT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PEG
Query on PEG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A]DI(HYDROXYETHYL)ETHER
C4 H10 O3
MTHSVFCYNBDYFN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A], F [auth B]MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  2 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
A, BL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
TPO
Query on TPO
A, BL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC4 H10 N O6 PTHR
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.35 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.235 
  • R-Value Work: 0.170 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.174 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 56.627α = 90
b = 54.408β = 90.97
c = 140.783γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
SHELXphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-03-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Refinement description, Version format compliance