Blood-Group Antigen Recognition by a Solute-Binding Protein from a Serotype 3 Strain of Streptococcus Pneumoniae.Higgins, M.A., Abbott, D.W., Boulanger, M.J., Boraston, A.B.
(2009) J.Mol.Biol. 388: 299
- PubMed: 19285508
- DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2009.03.012
- PubMed Abstract:
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a common bacterial pathogen that is well known for its ability to cause acute respiratory disease (pneumonia), ear infections, and other serious illnesses. This Gram-positive bacterium relies on its carbohydrate-metabolizi ...
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a common bacterial pathogen that is well known for its ability to cause acute respiratory disease (pneumonia), ear infections, and other serious illnesses. This Gram-positive bacterium relies on its carbohydrate-metabolizing capabilities for full virulence in its host; however, the range of glycan targets that it can attack is presently not fully appreciated. S. pneumoniae is known to have a fucose utilization operon that in the TIGR4 strain plays a role in its virulence. Here we identify a second type of fucose utilization operon that is present in a subset of S. pneumoniae strains, including the serotype 3 strain SP3-BS71. This operon contains a transporter with a solute-binding protein, FcsSBP (fucose solute-binding protein), that interacts tightly (Ka approximately 1 x 10(6) M(-1)) and specifically with soluble A- and B-antigen trisaccharides but displays no selectivity between these two sugars. The structure of the FcsSBP in complex with the A-trisaccharide antigen, determined to 2.35 A, reveals its mode of binding to the reducing end of this sugar, thus highlighting this protein's requirement for soluble blood group antigen ligands. Overall, this report exposes a heretofore unknown capability of certain S. pneumoniae strains to transport and potentially metabolize the histo-blood group antigen carbohydrates of its host.
Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Victoria, PO Box 3055, STN CSC, Victoria, BC, Canada V8W 3P6.