2W7O

Structure and Activity of Bypass Synthesis by Human DNA Polymerase Kappa Opposite the 7,8-Dihydro-8-oxodeoxyguanosine Adduct


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.16 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.278 
  • R-Value Work: 0.241 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.241 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural and Functional Elucidation of the Mechanism Promoting Error-Prone Synthesis by Human DNA Polymerase Kappa Opposite the 7,8-Dihydro-8-Oxo-2'-Deoxyguanosine Adduct.

Irimia, A.Eoff, R.L.Guengerich, F.P.Egli, M.

(2009) J Biol Chem 284: 22467

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M109.003905
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human polymerase kappa (hPol kappa) is one of four eukaryotic Y-class DNA polymerases and may be an important element in the cellular response to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons such as benzo[a]pyrene, which can lead to reactive oxygenated metabolit ...

    Human polymerase kappa (hPol kappa) is one of four eukaryotic Y-class DNA polymerases and may be an important element in the cellular response to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons such as benzo[a]pyrene, which can lead to reactive oxygenated metabolite-mediated oxidative stress. Here, we present a detailed analysis of the activity and specificity of hPol kappa bypass opposite the major oxidative adduct 7,8-dihydro-8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxoG). Unlike its archaeal homolog Dpo4, hPol kappa bypasses this lesion in an error-prone fashion by inserting mainly dATP. Analysis of transient-state kinetics shows diminished "bursts" for dATP:8-oxoG and dCTP:8-oxoG incorporation, indicative of non-productive complex formation, but dATP:8-oxoG insertion events that do occur are 2-fold more efficient than dCTP:G insertion events. Crystal structures of ternary hPol kappa complexes with adducted template-primer DNA reveal non-productive (dGTP and dATP) alignments of incoming nucleotide and 8-oxoG. Structural limitations placed upon the hPol kappa by interactions between the N-clasp and finger domains combined with stabilization of the syn-oriented template 8-oxoG through the side chain of Met-135 both appear to contribute to error-prone bypass. Mutating Leu-508 in the little finger domain of hPol kappa to lysine modulates the insertion opposite 8-oxoG toward more accurate bypass, similar to previous findings with Dpo4. Our structural and activity data provide insight into important mechanistic aspects of error-prone bypass of 8-oxoG by hPol kappa compared with accurate and efficient bypass of the lesion by Dpo4 and polymerase eta.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Center in Molecular Toxicology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-0146, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA POLYMERASE KAPPA
A, B
508Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: POLKDINB1
EC: 2.7.7.7
Find proteins for Q9UBT6 (Homo sapiens)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9UBT6
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  Q9UBT6
Protein Feature View
  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar nucleic acids by: Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
5'-D(*GP*GP*GP*GP*GP*AP*AP*GP*GP*AP*TP*TP*C)-3'E, P13N/A
  • Find similar nucleic acids by: Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
5'-D(TP*CP*AP*CP*8OGP*GP*AP*AP*TP*CP*CP*TP* TP*CP*CP*CP*CP*C)-3'F, T18N/A
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
DGT
Query on DGT

Download CCD File 
A, B
2'-DEOXYGUANOSINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N5 O13 P3
HAAZLUGHYHWQIW-KVQBGUIXSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

Download CCD File 
A, B
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.16 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.278 
  • R-Value Work: 0.241 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.241 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 165.482α = 90
b = 217.629β = 90
c = 117.957γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2008-12-23 
  • Released Date: 2009-06-16 
  • Deposition Author(s): Irimia, A., Egli, M.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-06-16
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance