2VUA

Crystal Structure of the Botulinum Neurotoxin Serotype A binding domain


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.205 
  • R-Value Work: 0.168 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal Structure of Botulinum Neurotoxin Type a in Complex with the Cell Surface Co-Receptor Gt1B- Insight Into the Toxin-Neuron Interaction.

Stenmark, P.Dupuy, J.Imamura, A.Kiso, M.Stevens, R.C.

(2008) Plos Pathog. 4: E129

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1000129
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Botulinum neurotoxins have a very high affinity and specificity for their target cells requiring two different co-receptors located on the neuronal cell surface. Different toxin serotypes have different protein receptors; yet, most share a common gan ...

    Botulinum neurotoxins have a very high affinity and specificity for their target cells requiring two different co-receptors located on the neuronal cell surface. Different toxin serotypes have different protein receptors; yet, most share a common ganglioside co-receptor, GT1b. We determined the crystal structure of the botulinum neurotoxin serotype A binding domain (residues 873-1297) alone and in complex with a GT1b analog at 1.7 A and 1.6 A, respectively. The ganglioside GT1b forms several key hydrogen bonds to conserved residues and binds in a shallow groove lined by Tryptophan 1266. GT1b binding does not induce any large structural changes in the toxin; therefore, it is unlikely that allosteric effects play a major role in the dual receptor recognition. Together with the previously published structures of botulinum neurotoxin serotype B in complex with its protein co-receptor, we can now generate a detailed model of botulinum neurotoxin's interaction with the neuronal cell surface. The two branches of the GT1b polysaccharide, together with the protein receptor site, impose strict geometric constraints on the mode of interaction with the membrane surface and strongly support a model where one end of the 100 A long translocation domain helix bundle swing into contact with the membrane, initiating the membrane anchoring event.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
BOTULINUM NEUROTOXIN A HEAVY CHAIN
A
444Clostridium botulinum (strain Hall / ATCC 3502 / NCTC 13319 / Type A)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: botA (bna)
Find proteins for P0DPI1 (Clostridium botulinum (strain Hall / ATCC 3502 / NCTC 13319 / Type A))
Go to UniProtKB:  P0DPI1
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.205 
  • R-Value Work: 0.168 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 73.000α = 90.00
b = 114.500β = 90.00
c = 105.800γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction
MOLREPphasing
XSCALEdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-08-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Advisory, Version format compliance