2VT2

Structure and functional properties of the Bacillus subtilis transcriptional repressor Rex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.280 
  • R-Value Work: 0.217 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.221 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure and functional properties of the Bacillus subtilis transcriptional repressor Rex.

Wang, E.Bauer, M.C.Rogstam, A.Linse, S.Logan, D.T.von Wachenfeldt, C.

(2008) Mol Microbiol 69: 466-478

  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2958.2008.06295.x
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2VT2, 2VT3

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The transcription factor Rex has been implicated in regulation of the expression of genes important for fermentative growth and for growth under conditions of low oxygen tension in several Gram-positive bacteria. Rex senses the redox poise of the cel ...

    The transcription factor Rex has been implicated in regulation of the expression of genes important for fermentative growth and for growth under conditions of low oxygen tension in several Gram-positive bacteria. Rex senses the redox poise of the cell through changes in the NADH/NAD(+) ratio. The crystal structures of two essentially identical Rex proteins, from Thermus aquaticus and T. thermophilus, have previously been determined in complex with NADH. Here we present the crystal structure of the Rex protein from Bacillus subtilis, as well as extensive studies of its affinity for nucleotides and DNA, using surface plasmon resonance, isothermal titration calorimetry and electrophoretic mobility shift assays. We show that Rex has a very high affinity for NADH but that its affinity for NAD(+) is 20 000 times lower. However, the NAD(+) affinity is increased by a factor of 30 upon DNA binding, suggesting that there is a positive allosteric coupling between DNA binding and NAD(+) binding. The crystal structures of two pseudo-apo forms (from crystals soaked with NADH and cocrystallized with ATP) show a very different conformation from the previously determined Rex:NADH complexes, in which the N-terminal domains are splayed away from the dimer core. A mechanism is proposed whereby conformational changes in a C-terminal domain-swapped helix mediate the transition from a flexible DNA binding form to a locked NADH-bound form incapable of binding DNA.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biophysics, Center for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
REDOX-SENSING TRANSCRIPTIONAL REPRESSOR REXA, B215Bacillus subtilisMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for O05521 (Bacillus subtilis (strain 168))
Explore O05521 
Go to UniProtKB:  O05521
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAD
Query on NAD

Download CCD File 
A, B
NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE
C21 H27 N7 O14 P2
BAWFJGJZGIEFAR-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.280 
  • R-Value Work: 0.217 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.221 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 128.29α = 90
b = 53.74β = 125.55
c = 86.89γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction
XSCALEdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-09-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2018-01-17
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Source and taxonomy