2VRL

Structure of human MAO B in complex with benzylhydrazine


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.234 
  • R-Value Work: 0.186 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural and Mechanistic Studies of Arylalkylhydrazine Inhibition of Human Monoamine Oxidases a and B

Binda, C.Wang, J.Li, M.Hubalek, F.Mattevi, A.Edmondson, D.E.

(2008) Biochemistry 47: 5616

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi8002814
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  2VRM

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The structure and mechanism of human monoamine oxidase B (MAO B) inhibition by hydrazines are investigated and compared with data on human monoamine oxidase A (MAO A). The inhibition properties of phenylethylhydrazine, benzylhydrazine, and phenylhydr ...

    The structure and mechanism of human monoamine oxidase B (MAO B) inhibition by hydrazines are investigated and compared with data on human monoamine oxidase A (MAO A). The inhibition properties of phenylethylhydrazine, benzylhydrazine, and phenylhydrazine are compared for both enzymes. Benzylhydrazine is bound more tightly to MAO B than to MAO A, and phenylhydrazine is bound weakly by either enzyme. Phenylethylhydrazine stoichiometrically reduces the covalent FAD moieties of MAO A and of MAO B. Molecular oxygen is required for the inhibition reactions, and the level of O2 consumption for phenylethylhydrazine is 6-7-fold higher with either MAO A or MAO B than for the corresponding reactions with benzylhydrazine or phenylhydrazine. Mass spectral analysis of either inhibited enzyme shows the major product is a single covalent addition of the hydrazine arylalkyl group, although lower levels of dialkylated species are detected. Absorption and mass spectral data of the inhibited enzymes show that the FAD is the major site of alkylation. The three-dimensional (2.3 A) structures of phenylethylhydrazine- and benzylhydrazine-inhibited MAO B show that alkylation occurs at the N(5) position on the re face of the covalent flavin with loss of the hydrazyl nitrogens. A mechanistic scheme is proposed to account for these data, which involves enzyme-catalyzed conversion of the hydrazine to the diazene. From literature data on the reactivities of diazenes, O2 then reacts with the bound diazene to form an alkyl radical, N2 and superoxide anion. The bound arylalkyl radical reacts with the N(5) of the flavin, while the dissociated diazene reacts nonspecifically with the enzyme through arylalkylradicals.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Genetics and Microbiology, University of Pavia, via Ferrata 1, Pavia 27100, Italy.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
AMINE OXIDASE [FLAVIN-CONTAINING] B
A, B
520Homo sapiensGene Names: MAOB
EC: 1.4.3.4
Find proteins for P27338 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: MAOB
Go to UniProtKB:  P27338
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MBN
Query on MBN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
TOLUENE
C7 H8
YXFVVABEGXRONW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FAD
Query on FAD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.234 
  • R-Value Work: 0.186 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 132.377α = 90.00
b = 223.909β = 90.00
c = 87.307γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-04-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance