2VQF

Modified uridines with C5-methylene substituents at the first position of the tRNA anticodon stabilize U-G wobble pairing during decoding


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.258 
  • R-Value Work: 0.223 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Modified Uridines with C5-Methylene Substituents at the First Position of the tRNA Anticodon Stabilize U.G Wobble Pairing During Decoding.

Kurata, S.Weixlbaumer, A.Ohtsuki, T.Shimazaki, T.Wada, T.Kirino, Y.Takai, K.Watanabe, K.Ramakrishnan, V.Suzuki, T.

(2008) J.Biol.Chem. 283: 18801

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M800233200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Post-transcriptional modifications at the first (wobble) position of the tRNA anticodon participate in precise decoding of the genetic code. To decode codons that end in a purine (R) (i.e. NNR), tRNAs frequently utilize 5-methyluridine derivatives (x ...

    Post-transcriptional modifications at the first (wobble) position of the tRNA anticodon participate in precise decoding of the genetic code. To decode codons that end in a purine (R) (i.e. NNR), tRNAs frequently utilize 5-methyluridine derivatives (xm(5)U) at the wobble position. However, the functional properties of the C5-substituents of xm(5)U in codon recognition remain elusive. We previously found that mitochondrial tRNAs(Leu(UUR)) with pathogenic point mutations isolated from MELAS (mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes) patients lacked the 5-taurinomethyluridine (taum(5)U) modification and caused a decoding defect. Here, we constructed Escherichia coli tRNAs(Leu(UUR)) with or without xm(5)U modifications at the wobble position and measured their decoding activities in an in vitro translation as well as by A-site tRNA binding. In addition, the decoding properties of tRNA(Arg) lacking mnm(5)U modification in a knock-out strain of the modifying enzyme (DeltamnmE) were examined by pulse labeling using reporter constructs with consecutive AGR codons. Our results demonstrate that the xm(5)U modification plays a critical role in decoding NNG codons by stabilizing U.G pairing at the wobble position. Crystal structures of an anticodon stem-loop containing taum(5)U interacting with a UUA or UUG codon at the ribosomal A-site revealed that the taum(5)U.G base pair does not have classical U.G wobble geometry. These structures provide help to explain how the taum(5)U modification enables efficient decoding of UUG codons.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S2
B
256Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsB (rps2)
Find proteins for P80371 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  P80371
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S3
C
239Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsC (rps3)
Find proteins for P80372 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  P80372
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S4
D
209Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsD (rps4)
Find proteins for P80373 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  P80373
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S5
E
162Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsE
Find proteins for Q5SHQ5 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SHQ5
Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S6
F
101Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsF
Find proteins for Q5SLP8 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SLP8
Entity ID: 7
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S7
G
156Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsG (rps7)
Find proteins for P17291 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  P17291
Entity ID: 8
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S8
H
138Thermus aquaticusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsH
Find proteins for A0A0M9AFS9 (Thermus aquaticus)
Go to UniProtKB:  A0A0M9AFS9
Entity ID: 9
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S9
I
128Thermus thermophilus (strain HB27 / ATCC BAA-163 / DSM 7039)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsI (rps9)
Find proteins for P62669 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB27 / ATCC BAA-163 / DSM 7039))
Go to UniProtKB:  P62669
Entity ID: 10
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S10
J
105Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsJ
Find proteins for Q5SHN7 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SHN7
Entity ID: 11
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S11
K
129Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsK (rps11)
Find proteins for P80376 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  P80376
Entity ID: 12
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S12
L
135Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsL
Find proteins for Q5SHN3 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SHN3
Entity ID: 13
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S13
M
126Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsM (rps13)
Find proteins for P80377 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  P80377
Entity ID: 14
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S14 TYPE Z
N
61Thermus aquaticusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsZ (rpsN)
Find proteins for A0A0N0BLP2 (Thermus aquaticus)
Go to UniProtKB:  A0A0N0BLP2
Entity ID: 15
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S15
O
89Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsO
Find proteins for Q5SJ76 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SJ76
Entity ID: 16
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S16
P
88Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsP
Find proteins for Q5SJH3 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SJH3
Entity ID: 17
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S17
Q
105Thermus thermophilusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsQ (rps17)
Find proteins for P24321 (Thermus thermophilus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P24321
Entity ID: 18
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S18
R
88Thermus thermophilusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsR (rps18)
Find proteins for P80382 (Thermus thermophilus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P80382
Entity ID: 19
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S19
S
93Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsS
Find proteins for Q5SHP2 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SHP2
Entity ID: 20
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S20
T
106Thermus thermophilus (strain HB27 / ATCC BAA-163 / DSM 7039)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsT (rps20)
Find proteins for P62661 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB27 / ATCC BAA-163 / DSM 7039))
Go to UniProtKB:  P62661
Entity ID: 21
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN THX
U
27Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpsU
Find proteins for Q5SIH3 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SIH3
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
16S RRNAA1522Thermus thermophilus HB8
Entity ID: 22
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
5'-R(*UP*UP*GP*AP*AP*AP)-3'X6Thermus thermophilus HB8
Entity ID: 23
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
5'-R(*GP*CP*AP*UP*GP*CP*U*TM2P*AP*AP*AP *AP*CP*AP*UP*GP*C)-3'Y17Thermus thermophilus HB8
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
K
Query on K

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, D, E, I, K, M, P, R, S, T
POTASSIUM ION
K
NPYPAHLBTDXSSS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
D, N
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PAR
Query on PAR

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
PAROMOMYCIN
PAROMOMYCIN I, AMMINOSIDIN, CATENULIN, CRESTOMYCIN, MONOMYCIN A, NEOMYCIN E
C23 H45 N5 O14
UOZODPSAJZTQNH-LSWIJEOBSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, E, I, K, M, N, P, Q, R
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
TM2
Query on TM2
Y
non-polymerC12 H20 N3 O12 P S

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Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.258 
  • R-Value Work: 0.223 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 402.481α = 90.00
b = 402.481β = 90.00
c = 175.969γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSphasing
XDSdata reduction
CNSrefinement
XSCALEdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-04-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-07-12
    Type: Advisory, Derived calculations