Coenzyme Binding and Hydride Transfer in Rhodobacter Capsulatus Ferredoxin/Flavodoxin Nadp(H) Oxidoreductase.Bortolotti, A., Perez-Dorado, I., Goni, G., Medina, M., Hermoso, J.A., Carrillo, N., Cortez, N.
(2009) Biochim.Biophys.Acta 1794: 199
- PubMed: 18973834
- DOI: 10.1016/j.bbapap.2008.09.013
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- The Feredoxin-Nadp(H) Reductase from Rhodobacter Capsulatus: Molecular Structure and Catalytic Mechanism
Nogues, I.,Perez-Dorado, I.,Frago, S.,Bittel, C.,Mayhew, S.,Gomez-Moreno, C.,Hermoso, J.A.,Medina, M.,Cortez, N.,Carrillo, N.
(2005) Biochemistry 44: 11730
- The Oxidant-Responsive Diaphorase of Rhodobacter Capsulatus is a Ferredoxin (Flavodoxin)-Nadp(H) Reductase
Bittel, C.,Tabares, L.C.,Armesto, M.,Carrillo, N.,Cortez, N.
(2003) FEBS Lett. 553: 408
- Crystallization and Preliminary X-Ray Diffraction Analysis of Ferredoxin-Nadp(H) Reductase from Rhodobacter Capsulatus
Perez-Dorado, I.,Bittel, C.,Cortez, N.,Hermoso, J.A.
(2004) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 60: 2332
Ferredoxin-NADP(H) reductases catalyse the reversible hydride/electron exchange between NADP(H) and ferredoxin/flavodoxin, comprising a structurally defined family of flavoenzymes with two distinct subclasses. Those present in Gram-negative bacteria ...
Ferredoxin-NADP(H) reductases catalyse the reversible hydride/electron exchange between NADP(H) and ferredoxin/flavodoxin, comprising a structurally defined family of flavoenzymes with two distinct subclasses. Those present in Gram-negative bacteria (FPRs) display turnover numbers of 1-5 s(-1) while the homologues of cyanobacteria and plants (FNRs) developed a 100-fold activity increase. We investigated nucleotide interactions and hydride transfer in Rhodobacter capsulatus FPR comparing them to those reported for FNRs. NADP(H) binding proceeds as in FNRs with stacking of the nicotinamide on the flavin, which resulted in formation of charge-transfer complexes prior to hydride exchange. The affinity of FPR for both NADP(H) and 2'-P-AMP was 100-fold lower than that of FNRs. The crystal structure of FPR in complex with 2'-P-AMP and NADP(+) allowed modelling of the adenosine ring system bound to the protein, whereas the nicotinamide portion was either not visible or protruding toward solvent in different obtained crystals. Stabilising contacts with the active site residues are different in the two reductase classes. We conclude that evolution to higher activities in FNRs was partially favoured by modification of NADP(H) binding in the initial complexes through changes in the active site residues involved in stabilisation of the adenosine portion of the nucleotide and in the mobile C-terminus of FPR.
Instituto de Biología Molecular y Celular de Rosario, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Suipacha 531, S2002LRK Rosario, Argentina.