2VFX

Structure of the Symmetric Mad2 Dimer


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.209 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Insights Into MAD2 Regulation in the Spindle Checkpoint Revealed by the Crystal Structure of the Symmetric MAD2 Dimer.

Yang, M.Li, B.Liu, C.-J.Tomchick, D.R.Machius, M.Rizo, J.Yu, H.Luo, X.

(2008) PLoS Biol 6: E50

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0060050
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2VFX

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • In response to misaligned sister chromatids during mitosis, the spindle checkpoint protein Mad2 inhibits the anaphase-promoting complex or cyclosome (APC/C) through binding to its mitotic activator Cdc20, thus delaying anaphase onset. Mad1, an upstre ...

    In response to misaligned sister chromatids during mitosis, the spindle checkpoint protein Mad2 inhibits the anaphase-promoting complex or cyclosome (APC/C) through binding to its mitotic activator Cdc20, thus delaying anaphase onset. Mad1, an upstream regulator of Mad2, forms a tight core complex with Mad2 and facilitates Mad2 binding to Cdc20. In the absence of its binding proteins, free Mad2 has two natively folded conformers, termed N1-Mad2/open-Mad2 (O-Mad2) and N2-Mad2/closed Mad2 (C-Mad2), with C-Mad2 being more active in APC/C(Cdc20) inhibition. Here, we show that whereas O-Mad2 is monomeric, C-Mad2 forms either symmetric C-Mad2-C-Mad2 (C-C) or asymmetric O-Mad2-C-Mad2 (O-C) dimers. We also report the crystal structure of the symmetric C-C Mad2 dimer, revealing the basis for the ability of unliganded C-Mad2, but not O-Mad2 or liganded C-Mad2, to form symmetric dimers. A Mad2 mutant that predominantly forms the C-C dimer is functional in vitro and in living cells. Finally, the Mad1-Mad2 core complex facilitates the conversion of O-Mad2 to C-Mad2 in vitro. Collectively, our results establish the existence of a symmetric Mad2 dimer and provide insights into Mad1-assisted conformational activation of Mad2 in the spindle checkpoint.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Pharmacology, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, United States of America.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
MITOTIC SPINDLE ASSEMBLY CHECKPOINT PROTEIN MAD2AA, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L206Homo sapiensMutation(s): 3 
Gene Names: MAD2L1MAD2
Find proteins for Q13257 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q13257 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q13257
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  Q13257
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PE3
Query on PE3

Download CCD File 
B, C, F, G, H, K
3,6,9,12,15,18,21,24,27,30,33,36,39-TRIDECAOXAHENTETRACONTANE-1,41-DIOL
C28 H58 O15
ILLKMACMBHTSHP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PE4
Query on PE4

Download CCD File 
A, E, L
2-{2-[2-(2-{2-[2-(2-ETHOXY-ETHOXY)-ETHOXY]-ETHOXY}-ETHOXY)-ETHOXY]-ETHOXY}-ETHANOL
C16 H34 O8
PJWQOENWHPEPKI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PEG
Query on PEG

Download CCD File 
I
DI(HYDROXYETHYL)ETHER
C4 H10 O3
MTHSVFCYNBDYFN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, I, J, K, L
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download CCD File 
A, B, C, E, F, G, K, L
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.209 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 109.337α = 90
b = 191.407β = 90.02
c = 154.307γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
HKL-3000data reduction
HKL-3000data scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-03-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2019-01-30
    Changes: Data collection, Derived calculations, Experimental preparation, Other
  • Version 1.3: 2019-05-08
    Changes: Data collection, Experimental preparation