2UDP

UDP-GALACTOSE 4-EPIMERASE COMPLEXED WITH UDP-PHENOL


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.186 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

High-resolution X-ray structure of UDP-galactose 4-epimerase complexed with UDP-phenol.

Thoden, J.B.Frey, P.A.Holden, H.M.

(1996) Protein Sci. 5: 2149-2161

  • DOI: 10.1002/pro.5560051102

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • UDP-galactose 4-epimerase from Escherichia coli catalyzes the interconversion of UDP-glucose and UDP-galactose. In recent years, the enzyme has been the subject of intensive investigation due in part to its ability to facilitate nonstereospecific hyd ...

    UDP-galactose 4-epimerase from Escherichia coli catalyzes the interconversion of UDP-glucose and UDP-galactose. In recent years, the enzyme has been the subject of intensive investigation due in part to its ability to facilitate nonstereospecific hydride transfer between beta-NADH and a 4-keto hexopyranose intermediate. The first molecular model of the epimerase from E. coli was solved to 2.5 A resolution with crystals grown in the presence of a substrate analogue, UDP-phenol (Bauer AJ, Rayment I, Frey PA, Holden HM, 1992, Proteins Struct Funct Genet 12:372-381). There were concerns at the time that the inhibitor did not adequately mimic the sugar moiety of a true substrate. Here we describe the high-resolution X-ray crystal structure of the ternary complex of UDP-galactose 4-epimerase with NADH and UDP-phenol. The model was refined to 1.8 A resolution with a final overall R-factor of 18.6%. This high-resolution structural analysis demonstrates that the original concerns were unfounded and that, in fact, UDP-phenol and UDP-glucose bind similarly. The carboxamide groups of the dinucleotides, in both subunits, are displaced significantly from the planes of the nicotinamide rings by hydrogen bonding interactions with Ser 124 and Tyr 149. UDP-galactose 4-epimerase belongs to a family of enzymes known as the short-chain dehydrogenases, which contain a characteristic Tyr-Lys couple thought to be important for catalysis. The epimerase/NADH/UDP-phenol model presented here represents a well-defined ternary complex for this family of proteins and, as such, provides important information regarding the possible role of the Tyr-Lys couple in the reaction mechanism.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute for Enzyme Research, Graduate School, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53705, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
UDP-GALACTOSE 4-EPIMERASE
A, B
338Escherichia coli (strain K12)Gene Names: galE (galD)
EC: 5.1.3.2
Find proteins for P09147 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Go to UniProtKB:  P09147
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NA
Query on NA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

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Download CCD File 
B
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
ETHYLENE GLYCOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAD
Query on NAD

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Download CCD File 
A, B
NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE
C21 H27 N7 O14 P2
BAWFJGJZGIEFAR-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
UPP
Query on UPP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
PHENYL-URIDINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C15 H18 N2 O12 P2
ZHUWBKDWWGKIEN-FMKGYKFTSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.186 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 76.000α = 90.00
b = 78.700β = 90.00
c = 128.600γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XSCALIBREdata scaling
TNTrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1998-03-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-25
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2015-05-27
    Type: Structure summary