2QUR

Crystal Structure of F327A/K285P Mutant of cAMP-dependent Protein Kinase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.265 
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Contribution of non-catalytic core residues to activity and regulation in protein kinase A.

Yang, J.Kennedy, E.J.Wu, J.Deal, M.S.Pennypacker, J.Ghosh, G.Taylor, S.S.

(2009) J.Biol.Chem. 284: 6241-6248

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M805862200

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Protein kinase A holoenzyme is comprised of two catalytic (C) and two regulatory (R) subunits which keep the enzyme in an inhibited state before activation by cyclic-AMP. The C-subunit folds into a conserved bi-lobal core flanked by N- and C-terminal ...

    Protein kinase A holoenzyme is comprised of two catalytic (C) and two regulatory (R) subunits which keep the enzyme in an inhibited state before activation by cyclic-AMP. The C-subunit folds into a conserved bi-lobal core flanked by N- and C-terminal tails. We report here characterization of a C-tail loss-of-function mutant, CF327A, and a related suppressor mutant, CF327A/K285P. Phe-327 is the only residue outside the kinase core that binds to the adenine ring of ATP, whereas Lys-285 is approximately 45 A away and lies in an AGC kinase-specific insert. The two mutations were previously identified from a yeast genetic screen, where the F327A mutation was unable to complement cell growth but mutation of K285P in the same allele rescued cell viability. We show that CF327A exhibits significant reduction in catalytic efficiency, which likely explains the observed loss-of-function phenotype. Interestingly, the additional K285P mutation does not restore kinase activity but reduces the inhibitory interaction of the double mutant with RII subunits. The additional K285P mutation, thus, helps to keep a low but uninhibited PKA activity that is sufficient for cell viability. The crystal structure of CF327A/K285P further reveals that recruitment of Phe-327 to the ATP binding pocket not only contributes to the hydrophobic pocket, as previously thought, but also recruits its flanking C-tail region to the kinase core, thereby concertedly positioning the glycine-rich loop and ATP for phosphoryl transfer. The study exemplifies two different ways for regulating cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity through non-conserved residues and sheds light on the structural and functional diversity of the kinase family.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
cAMP-dependent protein kinase, alpha-catalytic subunit
A
350Mus musculusMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: Prkaca (Pkaca)
EC: 2.7.11.11
Find proteins for P05132 (Mus musculus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P05132
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
20-mer fragment from cAMP-dependent protein kinase inhibitor alpha
B
20Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Pkia
Find proteins for P63248 (Mus musculus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P63248
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ADP
Query on ADP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B
ADENOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O10 P2
XTWYTFMLZFPYCI-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  2 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
SEP
Query on SEP
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H8 N O6 PSER
TPO
Query on TPO
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC4 H10 N O6 PTHR
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.265 
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 57.560α = 90.00
b = 78.500β = 90.00
c = 100.630γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
MAR345dtbdata collection
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-07-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance