2QHE

Crystal structure of Ser49-PLA2 (ecarpholin S) from Echis carinatus sochureki snake venom


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.255 
  • R-Value Work: 0.192 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural Characterization of Myotoxic Ecarpholin S from Echis carinatus Venom

Zhou, X.Tan, T.C.Valiyaveettil, S.Go, M.L.Kini, R.M.Velazquez-Campoy, A.Sivaraman, J.

(2008) Biophys.J. 95: 3366-3380

  • DOI: 10.1529/biophysj.107.117747
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)), a common toxic component of snake venom, has been implicated in various pharmacological effects. Ecarpholin S, isolated from the venom of the snake Echis carinatus sochureki, is a phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) belonging to ...

    Phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)), a common toxic component of snake venom, has been implicated in various pharmacological effects. Ecarpholin S, isolated from the venom of the snake Echis carinatus sochureki, is a phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) belonging to the Ser(49)-PLA(2) subgroup. It has been characterized as having low enzymatic but potent myotoxic activities. The crystal structures of native ecarpholin S and its complexes with lauric acid, and its inhibitor suramin, were elucidated. This is the first report of the structure of a member of the Ser(49)-PLA(2) subgroup. We also examined interactions of ecarpholin S with phosphatidylglycerol and lauric acid, using surface plasmon resonance, and of suramin with isothermal titration calorimetry. Most Ca(2+)-dependent PLA(2) enzymes have Asp in position 49, which plays a crucial role in Ca(2+) binding. The three-dimensional structure of ecarpholin S reveals a unique conformation of the Ca(2+)-binding loop that is not favorable for Ca(2+) coordination. Furthermore, the endogenously bound fatty acid (lauric acid) in the hydrophobic channel may also interrupt the catalytic cycle. These two observations may account for the low enzymatic activity of ecarpholin S, despite full retention of the catalytic machinery. These observations may also be applicable to other non-Asp(49)-PLA(2) enzymes. The interaction of suramin in its complex with ecarpholin S is quite different from that reported for the Lys(49)-PLA(2)/suramin complex(,) where the interfacial recognition face (i-face), C-terminal region, and N-terminal region of ecarpholin S play important roles. This study provides significant structural and functional insights into the myotoxic activity of ecarpholin S and, in general, of non-Asp(49)-PLA(2) enzymes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543, Singapore.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Phospholipase A2
A
122Echis carinatusMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P48650 (Echis carinatus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P48650
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.255 
  • R-Value Work: 0.192 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 34.231α = 90.00
b = 39.487β = 90.00
c = 68.942γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
CrystalCleardata collection
MOLREPphasing
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2007-10-16
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-10-18
    Type: Refinement description