2QCY

Crystal Structure of a monomeric form of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) 3C-like protease mutant


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.208 
  • R-Value Work: 0.168 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Mechanism for controlling the dimer-monomer switch and coupling dimerization to catalysis of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 3C-like protease.

Shi, J.Sivaraman, J.Song, J.

(2008) J Virol 82: 4620-4629

  • DOI: 10.1128/JVI.02680-07
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2QCY

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Unlike 3C protease, the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) 3C-like protease (3CLpro) is only enzymatically active as a homodimer and its catalysis is under extensive regulation by the unique extra domain. Despite intense studies, two puzzles still remain: (i) how the dimer-monomer switch is controlled and (ii) why dimerization is absolutely required for catalysis ...

    Unlike 3C protease, the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) 3C-like protease (3CLpro) is only enzymatically active as a homodimer and its catalysis is under extensive regulation by the unique extra domain. Despite intense studies, two puzzles still remain: (i) how the dimer-monomer switch is controlled and (ii) why dimerization is absolutely required for catalysis. Here we report the monomeric crystal structure of the SARS-CoV 3CLpro mutant R298A at a resolution of 1.75 A. Detailed analysis reveals that Arg298 serves as a key component for maintaining dimerization, and consequently, its mutation will trigger a cooperative switch from a dimer to a monomer. The monomeric enzyme is irreversibly inactivated because its catalytic machinery is frozen in the collapsed state, characteristic of the formation of a short 3(10)-helix from an active-site loop. Remarkably, dimerization appears to be coupled to catalysis in 3CLpro through the use of overlapped residues for two networks, one for dimerization and another for the catalysis.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 14 Science Drive 4, Singapore 117543, Republic of Singapore. bchsj@nus.edu.sg



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
3C-like proteinaseA306Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirusMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: rep1a-1b
EC: 3.4.22 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.19.12 (UniProt), 3.4.22.69 (UniProt), 2.7.7.48 (UniProt), 3.6.4.12 (UniProt), 3.6.4.13 (UniProt), 2.1.1 (UniProt), 3.1.13 (UniProt), 3.1 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for P0C6X7 (Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus)
Explore P0C6X7 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0C6X7
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.208 
  • R-Value Work: 0.168 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 33.389α = 90
b = 66.225β = 100.77
c = 62.21γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHASERphasing
CNSrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2008-03-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-10-18
    Changes: Refinement description