Affinity maturation increases the stability and plasticity of the Fv domain of anti-protein antibodies.Acierno, J.P., Braden, B.C., Klinke, S., Goldbaum, F.A., Cauerhff, A.
(2007) J.Mol.Biol. 374: 130-146
- PubMed: 17916365
- DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2007.09.005
- PubMed Abstract:
- Structural mechanism for affinity maturation of an anti-lysozyme antibody
Cauerhff, A.,Goldbaum, F.A.,Braden, B.C.
(2004) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 101: 3539
The somatic mutations accumulated in variable and framework regions of antibodies produce structural changes that increase the affinity towards the antigen. This implies conformational and non covalent bonding changes at the paratope, as well as poss ...
The somatic mutations accumulated in variable and framework regions of antibodies produce structural changes that increase the affinity towards the antigen. This implies conformational and non covalent bonding changes at the paratope, as well as possible quaternary structure changes and rearrangements at the V(H)-V(L) interface. The consequences of the affinity maturation on the stability of the Fv domain were studied in a system composed of two closely related antibodies, F10.6.6 and D44.1, which recognize the same hen egg-white lysozyme (HEL) epitope. The mAb F10.6.6 has an affinity constant 700 times higher than D44.1, due to a higher surface complementarity to HEL. The structure of the free form of the Fab F10.6.6 presented here allows a comparative study of the conformational changes produced upon binding to antigen. By means of structural comparison, kinetics and thermodynamics of binding and stability studies on Fab and Fv fragments of both antibodies, we have determined that the affinity maturation process of anti-protein antibodies affects the shape of the combining site and the secondary structure content of the variable domain, stabilizes the V(H)-V(L) interaction, and consequently produces an increase of the Fv domain stability, improving the binding to antigen.
Fundación Instituto Leloir, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas de Argentina (IIBBA-CONICET), Buenos Aires, Argentina.