2PS1

S. cerevisiae orotate phosphoribosyltransferase complexed with orotic acid and PRPP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.195 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Ternary complex formation and induced asymmetry in orotate phosphoribosyltransferase.

Gonzalez-Segura, L.Witte, J.F.McClard, R.W.Hurley, T.D.

(2007) Biochemistry 46: 14075-14086

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi701023z
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2PS1, 2PRZ, 2PRY

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Orotate phosphoribosyltransferase (OPRTase, EC 2.4.2.10) catalyzes the Mg2+-dependent condensation of orotic acid (OA) with PRPP (5-alpha-d-phosphorylribose 1-diphosphate) to yield diphosphate (PPi) and the nucleotide OMP (orotidine 5'-monophosphate) ...

    Orotate phosphoribosyltransferase (OPRTase, EC 2.4.2.10) catalyzes the Mg2+-dependent condensation of orotic acid (OA) with PRPP (5-alpha-d-phosphorylribose 1-diphosphate) to yield diphosphate (PPi) and the nucleotide OMP (orotidine 5'-monophosphate). We have determined the structures of three forms of Saccharomyces cerevisiae OPRTase representing different structural and enzymatic intermediates. The structures include the apoenzyme (2.35 A resolution); a ternary complex of enzyme, Mg2+-PRPP, and OA (1.74 A resolution); and the binary product complex of enzyme with OMP (1.89 A resolution). While the overall structure of the S. cerevisiae OPRTase is similar to that of the Salmonella typhimurium enzyme, as judged by comparison of the two apoenzymes, large conformational transitions occur proceeding from the apoenzyme structure to those of the substrate and product complexes. Comparison of these structures reveals a rotation of the upper hood domain onto the bound ligands by an average of 19.5 degrees in the OMP structure and an average of 24.6 degrees in the OA/Mg2+-PRPP ternary complex. As expected, the conserved loop, composed of residues 104-116, moves extensively and adopts a single stable conformation during the catalytic cycle in order to sequester the substrates from bulk solvent in the ternary complex. The OA and Mg2+-PRPP molecules bound in the ternary complex are oriented for proper attack of the N1 atom of OA onto the C1 atom of the ribose ring. This orientation of substrates, combined with the positioning of the flexible loop, provides a clear picture of a catalytically poised reaction complex for type I phosphoribosyltransferases. The structural asymmetry present in these structures, as well as that found in a recent structure of the S. typhimurium enzyme, combined with the closure of the flexible loop from one subunit into the active site of the opposing subunit in the ternary complex is consistent with the kinetic data [McClard, R. W., et al. (2006) Biochemistry 45, 5330-5342] that demonstrate induced nonequivalence and cooperativity of OPRTase.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Orotate phosphoribosyltransferase 1AB226Saccharomyces cerevisiaeMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: URA5PYR5
EC: 2.4.2.10
Find proteins for P13298 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Explore P13298 
Go to UniProtKB:  P13298
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRP
Query on PRP

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
1-O-pyrophosphono-5-O-phosphono-alpha-D-ribofuranose
C5 H13 O14 P3
PQGCEDQWHSBAJP-TXICZTDVSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ORO
Query on ORO

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
OROTIC ACID
C5 H4 N2 O4
PXQPEWDEAKTCGB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.195 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 41.788α = 90.59
b = 50.051β = 105.88
c = 50.078γ = 92.99
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
ADSCdata collection
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-01-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-10-18
    Changes: Refinement description
  • Version 1.3: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary