Restricted backbone conformational and motional flexibilities of loops containing peptidyl-proline bonds dominate the enzyme activity of staphylococcal nuclease.Shan, L., Tong, Y., Xie, T., Wang, M., Wang, J.
(2007) Biochemistry 46: 11504-11513
- PubMed: 17887731
- DOI: 10.1021/bi7009794
- PubMed Abstract:
The role of cis-trans isomerizations of peptidyl-proline bonds in the enzyme activity of staphylococcal nuclease (SNase) was examined by mutation of proline residues. The proline-free SNase ([Pro-]SNase), namely, P11A/P31A/P42A/P47T/P56A/P117G-mutant ...
The role of cis-trans isomerizations of peptidyl-proline bonds in the enzyme activity of staphylococcal nuclease (SNase) was examined by mutation of proline residues. The proline-free SNase ([Pro-]SNase), namely, P11A/P31A/P42A/P47T/P56A/P117G-mutant SNase, was adopted for elucidating the correlation between the nuclease activity and the backbone conformational and dynamic states of SNase. The 3D solution structure of [Pro-]SNase has been determined by heteronuclear NMR experiments. Comparing the structure of [Pro-]SNase with the structure of SNase revealed the conformational differences between the two proteins. In the structure of [Pro-]SNase, conformational rearrangements were observed for the loop of residues Ala112-His121 containing a trans Lys116-Gly117 peptide bond and for the C-terminal alpha-helical loop of residues Leu137-Glu142. Mutation of proline at position 117 also caused the conformational rearrangement of the p-loop (Asp77-Leu89), which is remote from the Ala112-His121 loop. The Ala112-His121 loop and p-loop are placed closer to each other in [Pro-]SNase than in SNase. The backbone dynamic features of the omega-loop (Pro42-Pro56) of SNase are different from those of [Pro-]SNase. The backbone of the omega-loop exhibits restricted flexibility with slow conformational exchange motions in SNase, but is highly flexible in [Pro-]SNase. The analysis indicates that the restrained backbone conformation of the Ala112-His121 loop and restricted flexibility of the omega-loop are two dominant factors determining the enzyme activity of SNase. Of the two factors, the former is correlated with the strained cis Lys116-Pro117 peptide bond and the latter is correlated with the cis-trans isomerizations of the His46-Pro47 peptide bond.
National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Center for Molecular Biology, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 15 Datun Road, Beijing 100101, China.