2P2B

Acetyl-CoA Synthetase, V386A mutation


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.211 
  • R-Value Work: 0.166 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.168 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Biochemical and Crystallographic Analysis of Substrate Binding and Conformational Changes in Acetyl-CoA Synthetase.

Reger, A.S.Carney, J.M.Gulick, A.M.

(2007) Biochemistry 46: 6536-6546

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi6026506
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2P20, 2P2J, 2P2F, 2P2Q, 2P2M, 2P2B

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The adenylate-forming enzymes, including acyl-CoA synthetases, the adenylation domains of non-ribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPS), and firefly luciferase, perform two half-reactions in a ping-pong mechanism. We have proposed a domain alternation mec ...

    The adenylate-forming enzymes, including acyl-CoA synthetases, the adenylation domains of non-ribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPS), and firefly luciferase, perform two half-reactions in a ping-pong mechanism. We have proposed a domain alternation mechanism for these enzymes whereby, upon completion of the initial adenylation reaction, the C-terminal domain of these enzymes undergoes a 140 degrees rotation to perform the second thioester-forming half-reaction. Structural and kinetic data of mutant enzymes support this hypothesis. We present here mutations to Salmonella enterica acetyl-CoA synthetase (Acs) and test the ability of the enzymes to catalyze the complete reaction and the adenylation half-reaction. Substitution of Lys609 with alanine results in an enzyme that is unable to catalyze the adenylate reaction, while the Gly524 to leucine substitution is unable to catalyze the complete reaction yet catalyzes the adenylation half-reaction with activity comparable to the wild-type enzyme. The positions of these two residues, which are located on the mobile C-terminal domain, strongly support the domain alternation hypothesis. We also present steady-state kinetic data of putative substrate-binding residues and demonstrate that no single residue plays a dominant role in dictating CoA binding. We have also created two mutations in the active site to alter the acyl substrate specificity. Finally, the crystallographic structures of wild-type Acs and mutants R194A, R584A, R584E, K609A, and V386A are presented to support the biochemical analysis.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Hauptman-Woodward Medical Research Institute, Buffalo, New York 14203-1102, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Acetyl-coenzyme A synthetaseAB652Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar TyphimuriumMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: acs
EC: 6.2.1.1
Find proteins for Q8ZKF6 (Salmonella typhimurium (strain LT2 / SGSC1412 / ATCC 700720))
Explore Q8ZKF6 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8ZKF6
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
COA
Query on COA

Download CCD File 
A, B
COENZYME A
C21 H36 N7 O16 P3 S
RGJOEKWQDUBAIZ-IBOSZNHHSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PRX
Query on PRX

Download CCD File 
A, B
ADENOSINE-5'-MONOPHOSPHATE-PROPYL ESTER
C13 H20 N5 O7 P
XAMXMSZRQHPMRX-QYVSTXNMSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.211 
  • R-Value Work: 0.166 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.168 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 59.915α = 90
b = 143.076β = 90.97
c = 71.379γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2007-05-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-18
    Changes: Refinement description