beta-Strand Flipping and Slipping Triggered by Turn Replacement Reveal the Opportunistic Nature of beta-Strand PairingMakabe, K., Yan, S., Tereshko, V., Gawlak, G., Koide, S.
(2007) J.Am.Chem.Soc. 129: 14661-14669
- PubMed: 17985889
- DOI: 10.1021/ja074252c
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
We investigated how the register between adjacent beta-strands is specified using a series of mutants of the single-layer beta-sheet (SLB) in Borrelia OspA. The single-layer architecture of this system eliminates structural restraints imposed by a hy ...
We investigated how the register between adjacent beta-strands is specified using a series of mutants of the single-layer beta-sheet (SLB) in Borrelia OspA. The single-layer architecture of this system eliminates structural restraints imposed by a hydrophobic core, enabling us to address this question. A critical turn (turn 9/10) in the SLB was replaced with a segment with an intentional structural mismatch. Its crystal structure revealed a one-residue insertion into the central beta-strand (strand 9) of the SLB. This insertion triggered a surprisingly large-scale structural rearrangement: (i) the central strand (strand 9) was shifted by one residue, causing the strand to flip with respect to the adjacent beta-strands and thus completely disrupting the native side-chain contacts; (ii) the three-residue turn located on the opposite end of the beta-strand (turn 8/9) was pushed into its preceding beta-strand (strand 8); (iii) the register between strands 8 and 9 was shifted by three residues. Replacing the original sequence for turn 8/9 with a stronger turn motif restored the original strand register but still with a flipped beta-strand 9. The stability differences of these distinct structures were surprisingly small, consistent with an energy landscape where multiple low-energy states with different beta-sheet configurations exist. The observed conformations can be rationalized in terms of maximizing the number of backbone H-bonds. These results suggest that adjacent beta-strands "stick" through the use of factors that are not highly sequence specific and that beta-strands could slide back and forth relatively easily in the absence of external elements such as turns and tertiary packing.
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA.