2OJT

Structure and mechanism of kainate receptor modulation by anions


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.233 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure and mechanism of kainate receptor modulation by anions.

Plested, A.J.Mayer, M.L.

(2007) Neuron 53: 829-841

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2007.02.025
  • Also Cited By: 3C36, 3C35, 3C34, 3C33, 3C32, 3C31

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • L-glutamate, the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the human brain, activates a family of ligand-gated ion channels, the major subtypes of which are named AMPA, kainate, and NMDA receptors. In common with many signal transduction proteins, glutama ...

    L-glutamate, the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the human brain, activates a family of ligand-gated ion channels, the major subtypes of which are named AMPA, kainate, and NMDA receptors. In common with many signal transduction proteins, glutamate receptors are modulated by ions and small molecules, including Ca(2+), Mg(2+), Zn(2+), protons, polyamines, and steroids. Strikingly, the activation of kainate receptors by glutamate requires the presence of both Na(+) and Cl(-) in the extracellular solution, and in the absence of these ions, receptor activity is abolished. Here, we identify the site and mechanism of action of anions. Surprisingly, we find that Cl(-) ions are essential structural components of kainate receptors. Cl(-) ions bind in a cavity formed at the interface between subunits in a dimer pair. In the absence of Cl(-), dimer stability is reduced, the rate of desensitization increases, and the fraction of receptors competent for activation by glutamate drops precipitously.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Neurophysiology, Porter Neuroscience Research Center, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Glutamate receptor, ionotropic kainate 1
A, B
258Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: Grik1 (Glur5)
Find proteins for P22756 (Rattus norvegicus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P22756
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
UBA
Query on UBA

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Download CCD File 
A, B
(S)-1-(2-AMINO-2-CARBOXYETHYL)-3(2-CARBOXYTHIOPHENE-3-YL-METHYL)-5-METHYLPYRIMIDINE-2,4-DIONE
C14 H15 N3 O6 S
ZTAZUCRXCRXNSU-VIFPVBQESA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BR
Query on BR

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Download CCD File 
A, B
BROMIDE ION
Br
CPELXLSAUQHCOX-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
1PE
Query on 1PE

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Download CCD File 
A, B
PENTAETHYLENE GLYCOL
PEG400
C10 H22 O6
JLFNLZLINWHATN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.233 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 97.598α = 90.00
b = 97.732β = 90.00
c = 128.688γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data scaling
HKL-2000data collection
AMoREphasing
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2007-01-14 
  • Released Date: 2007-04-03 
  • Deposition Author(s): Mayer, M.L.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2007-04-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Advisory, Refinement description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-08-02
    Type: Source and taxonomy