2NZ9

Crystal structure of botulinum neurotoxin type A complexed with monoclonal antibody AR2


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.79 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.278 
  • R-Value Work: 0.224 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Molecular evolution of antibody cross-reactivity for two subtypes of type A botulinum neurotoxin.

Garcia-Rodriguez, C.Levy, R.Arndt, J.W.Forsyth, C.M.Razai, A.Lou, J.Geren, I.Stevens, R.C.Marks, J.D.

(2007) Nat.Biotechnol. 25: 107-116

  • DOI: 10.1038/nbt1269
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Broadening antibody specificity without compromising affinity should facilitate detection and neutralization of toxin and viral subtypes. We used yeast display and a co-selection strategy to increase cross-reactivity of a single chain (sc) Fv antibod ...

    Broadening antibody specificity without compromising affinity should facilitate detection and neutralization of toxin and viral subtypes. We used yeast display and a co-selection strategy to increase cross-reactivity of a single chain (sc) Fv antibody to botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT/A). Starting with a scFv that binds the BoNT/A1 subtype with high affinity (136 pM) and the BoNT/A2 subtype with low affinity (109 nM), we increased its affinity for BoNT/A2 1,250-fold, to 87 pM, while maintaining high-affinity binding to BoNT/A1 (115 pM). To find the molecular basis for improved cross-reactivity, we determined the X-ray co-crystal structures of wild-type and cross-reactive antibodies complexed to BoNT/A1 at resolutions up to 2.6 A, and measured the thermodynamic contribution of BoNT/A1 and A2 amino acids to wild-type and cross-reactive antibody binding. The results show how an antibody can be engineered to bind two different antigens despite structural differences in the antigen-antibody interface and may provide a general strategy for tuning antibody specificity and cross-reactivity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Anesthesia and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California, San Francisco Rm. 3C-38, San Francisco General Hospital, 1001 Potrero Ave., San Francisco, California 94110, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Botulinum neurotoxin type A
A, B
1295Clostridium botulinum (strain Hall / ATCC 3502 / NCTC 13319 / Type A)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: botA (bna)
Find proteins for P0DPI1 (Clostridium botulinum (strain Hall / ATCC 3502 / NCTC 13319 / Type A))
Go to UniProtKB:  P0DPI1
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
AR2 monoclonal antibody
C, E
218N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
AR2 monoclonal antibody
D, F
224N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.79 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.278 
  • R-Value Work: 0.224 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 97.965α = 90.00
b = 197.596β = 91.18
c = 146.105γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data scaling
HKL-2000data reduction
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-12-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Advisory, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2013-10-02
    Type: Source and taxonomy
  • Version 1.4: 2016-02-17
    Type: Derived calculations