Structural basis of specificity of a peptidyl urokinase inhibitor, upain-1Zhao, G., Yuan, C., Wind, T., Huang, Z., Andreasen, P.A., Huang, M.
(2007) J.Struct.Biol. 160: 1-10
- PubMed: 17692534
- DOI: 10.1016/j.jsb.2007.06.003
- Also Cited By: 3QN7
- PubMed Abstract:
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) plays a crucial role in the regulation of plasminogen activation, tumor cell adhesion and migration. The inhibition of uPA activity is a promising mechanism for anti-cancer therapy. A cyclic peptidyl inhibit ...
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) plays a crucial role in the regulation of plasminogen activation, tumor cell adhesion and migration. The inhibition of uPA activity is a promising mechanism for anti-cancer therapy. A cyclic peptidyl inhibitor, upain-1, CSWRGLENHRMC, was identified recently as a competitive and highly specific uPA inhibitor. We determined the crystal structure of uPA in complex with upain-1 at 2.15 A. The structure reveals that the cyclic peptide adopts a rigid conformation stabilized by a disulfide bond (residues 1-12) and three tight beta turns (residues 3-6, 6-9, 9-12). The Glu7 residue of upain-1 forms hydrogen bonds with the main chain nitrogen atoms of residues 4, 5, and 6 of upain-1, and is also critical for maintaining the active conformation of upain-1. The Arg4 of upain-1 is inserted into the uPA's specific S1 pocket. The Ser2 residue of upain-1 locates close to the S1beta pocket of uPA. The Gly5 and Glu7 residues of upain-1 occupy the S2 pocket and the oxyanion hole of uPA, respectively. Furthermore, the Asn8 residue of upain-1 binds to the 37- and 60-loops of uPA and renders the specificity of upain-1 for uPA. Based on this structure, a new pharmacophore for the design of highly specific uPA inhibitors was proposed.
State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 155 Yang Qiao Xi Lu, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002, China.