2NWN

New Pharmacophore for Serine Protease Inhibition Revealed by Crystal Structure of Human Urokinase-type Plasminogen Activator Complexed with a Cyclic Peptidyl Inhibitor, upain-1


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.261 
  • R-Value Work: 0.218 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.218 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis of specificity of a peptidyl urokinase inhibitor, upain-1

Zhao, G.Yuan, C.Wind, T.Huang, Z.Andreasen, P.A.Huang, M.

(2007) J Struct Biol 160: 1-10

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jsb.2007.06.003
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2NWN

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) plays a crucial role in the regulation of plasminogen activation, tumor cell adhesion and migration. The inhibition of uPA activity is a promising mechanism for anti-cancer therapy. A cyclic peptidyl inhibitor, upain-1, CSWRGLENHRMC, was identified recently as a competitive and highly specific uPA inhibitor ...

    Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) plays a crucial role in the regulation of plasminogen activation, tumor cell adhesion and migration. The inhibition of uPA activity is a promising mechanism for anti-cancer therapy. A cyclic peptidyl inhibitor, upain-1, CSWRGLENHRMC, was identified recently as a competitive and highly specific uPA inhibitor. We determined the crystal structure of uPA in complex with upain-1 at 2.15 A. The structure reveals that the cyclic peptide adopts a rigid conformation stabilized by a disulfide bond (residues 1-12) and three tight beta turns (residues 3-6, 6-9, 9-12). The Glu7 residue of upain-1 forms hydrogen bonds with the main chain nitrogen atoms of residues 4, 5, and 6 of upain-1, and is also critical for maintaining the active conformation of upain-1. The Arg4 of upain-1 is inserted into the uPA's specific S1 pocket. The Ser2 residue of upain-1 locates close to the S1beta pocket of uPA. The Gly5 and Glu7 residues of upain-1 occupy the S2 pocket and the oxyanion hole of uPA, respectively. Furthermore, the Asn8 residue of upain-1 binds to the 37- and 60-loops of uPA and renders the specificity of upain-1 for uPA. Based on this structure, a new pharmacophore for the design of highly specific uPA inhibitors was proposed.


    Organizational Affiliation

    State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 155 Yang Qiao Xi Lu, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002, China.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Plasminogen activator, urokinaseA253Homo sapiensMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: PLAU
EC: 3.4.21.73
Find proteins for P00749 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00749 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00749
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P00749
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
upain-1B12N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.261 
  • R-Value Work: 0.218 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.218 
  • Space Group: H 3
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 120.481α = 90
b = 120.481β = 90
c = 42.117γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
PROTEUM PLUSdata collection
PROTEUM PLUSdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2007-10-16
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance