The Crystal Structure of the Extracellular Domain of the Inhibitor Receptor Expressed on Myeloid Cells IREM-1.Marquez, J.A., Galfre, E., Dupeux, F., Flot, D., Moran, O., Dimasi, N.
(2007) J.Mol.Biol. 367: 310-318
- PubMed: 17275839
- DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2007.01.011
- PubMed Abstract:
The immune receptors expressed on myeloid cells (IREM) are type I transmembrane proteins encoded on human chromosome 17 (17q25.1), whose function is believed to be important in controlling inflammation. To date, three IREM receptors have been identif ...
The immune receptors expressed on myeloid cells (IREM) are type I transmembrane proteins encoded on human chromosome 17 (17q25.1), whose function is believed to be important in controlling inflammation. To date, three IREM receptors have been identified. IREM-1 functions as an inhibitory receptor, whereas IREM-2 and IREM-3 serve an activating function. Here, we report the crystal structure of IREM-1 extracellular domain at 2.6 A resolution. The overall fold of IREM-1 resembles that of a V-type immunoglobulin domain, and reveals overall close homology with immunoglobulin domains from other immunoreceptors such as CLM-1, TREM-1, TLT-1 and NKp44. Comparing the surface electrostatic potential and hydrophobicity of IREM-1 with its murine homologous CLM-1, we observed unique structural properties for the complementary determining region of IREM-1, which suggests that they may be involved in recognition of the IREM-1 ligand. Particularly interesting is the structural conformation and physical properties of the antibody's equivalent CDR3 loop, which we show to be a structurally variable region of the molecule and therefore could be the main structural determinant for ligand discrimination and binding. In addition, the analysis of the IREM-1 structure revealed the presence of four structurally different cavities. Three of these cavities form a continuous hydrophobic groove on the IREM-1 surface, which point to a region of the molecule capable of accommodating potential ligands.
European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Grenoble Outstation Polygon Scientifique, 6 Rue Jules Horowitz, 38000 Grenoble, France.