Structural basis for the aldolase and epimerase activities of Staphylococcus aureus dihydroneopterin aldolase.Blaszczyk, J., Li, Y., Gan, J., Yan, H., Ji, X.
(2007) J.Mol.Biol. 368: 161-169
- PubMed: 17331536
- DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2007.02.009
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Dihydroneopterin aldolase (DHNA) catalyzes the conversion of 7,8-dihydroneopterin (DHNP) to 6-hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropterin (HP) and the epimerization of DHNP to 7,8-dihydromonopterin (DHMP). Although crystal structures of the enzyme from several m ...
Dihydroneopterin aldolase (DHNA) catalyzes the conversion of 7,8-dihydroneopterin (DHNP) to 6-hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropterin (HP) and the epimerization of DHNP to 7,8-dihydromonopterin (DHMP). Although crystal structures of the enzyme from several microorganisms have been reported, no structural information is available about the critical interactions between DHNA and the trihydroxypropyl moiety of the substrate, which undergoes bond cleavage and formation. Here, we present the structures of Staphylococcus aureus DHNA (SaDHNA) in complex with neopterin (NP, an analog of DHNP) and with monapterin (MP, an analog of DHMP), filling the gap in the structural analysis of the enzyme. In combination with previously reported SaDHNA structures in its ligand-free form (PDB entry 1DHN) and in complex with HP (PDB entry 2DHN), four snapshots for the catalytic center assembly along the reaction pathway can be derived, advancing our knowledge about the molecular mechanism of SaDHNA-catalyzed reactions. An additional step appears to be necessary for the epimerization of DHMP to DHNP. Three active site residues (E22, K100, and Y54) function coordinately during catalysis: together, they organize the catalytic center assembly, and individually, each plays a central role at different stages of the catalytic cycle.
Macromolecular Crystallography Laboratory, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21702, USA.