2NAO

Atomic resolution structure of a disease-relevant Abeta(1-42) amyloid fibril


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 500 
  • Conformers Submitted: 10 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the least restraint violations 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Atomic-resolution structure of a disease-relevant A beta (1-42) amyloid fibril.

Walti, M.A.Ravotti, F.Arai, H.Glabe, C.G.Wall, J.S.Bockmann, A.Guntert, P.Meier, B.H.Riek, R.

(2016) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 113: E4976-E4984

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1600749113

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Amyloid-β (Aβ) is present in humans as a 39- to 42-amino acid residue metabolic product of the amyloid precursor protein. Although the two predominant forms, Aβ(1-40) and Aβ(1-42), differ in only two residues, they display different biophysical, biol ...

    Amyloid-β (Aβ) is present in humans as a 39- to 42-amino acid residue metabolic product of the amyloid precursor protein. Although the two predominant forms, Aβ(1-40) and Aβ(1-42), differ in only two residues, they display different biophysical, biological, and clinical behavior. Aβ(1-42) is the more neurotoxic species, aggregates much faster, and dominates in senile plaque of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Although small Aβ oligomers are believed to be the neurotoxic species, Aβ amyloid fibrils are, because of their presence in plaques, a pathological hallmark of AD and appear to play an important role in disease progression through cell-to-cell transmissibility. Here, we solved the 3D structure of a disease-relevant Aβ(1-42) fibril polymorph, combining data from solid-state NMR spectroscopy and mass-per-length measurements from EM. The 3D structure is composed of two molecules per fibril layer, with residues 15-42 forming a double-horseshoe-like cross-β-sheet entity with maximally buried hydrophobic side chains. Residues 1-14 are partially ordered and in a β-strand conformation, but do not display unambiguous distance restraints to the remainder of the core structure.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institut de Biologie et Chimie des Protéines, Bases Moléculaires et Structurales des Systèmes Infectieux, Labex Ecofect, UMR 5086 CNRS, Université de Lyon, 69007 Lyon, France; a.bockmann@ibcp.fr beme@ethz.ch roland.riek@phys.chem.ethz.ch.,Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973-5000;,Laboratorium für Physikalische Chemie, Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland;,Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697; Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Science and Experimental Biochemistry Unit, King Fahd Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia;,Laboratorium für Physikalische Chemie, Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland; Institute of Biophysical Chemistry, Center for Biomolecular Magnetic Resonance, Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany; Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0397, Japan.,Laboratorium für Physikalische Chemie, Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland; a.bockmann@ibcp.fr beme@ethz.ch roland.riek@phys.chem.ethz.ch.,Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697;




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Beta-amyloid protein 42
A, B, C, D, E, F
42Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: APP (A4, AD1)
Find proteins for P05067 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: APP
Go to UniProtKB:  P05067
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 500 
  • Conformers Submitted: 10 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the least restraint violations 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2016-07-27
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-08-17
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2016-09-07
    Type: Database references