2MPG

Solution structure of the [AibB8,LysB28,ProB29]-insulin analogue


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 35 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the least restraint violations 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Insight into the structural and biological relevance of the T/R transition of the N-terminus of the B-chain in human insulin.

Kosinova, L.Veverka, V.Novotna, P.Collinsova, M.Urbanova, M.Moody, N.R.Turkenburg, J.P.Jiracek, J.Brzozowski, A.M.Zakova, L.

(2014) Biochemistry 53: 3392-3402

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi500073z
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The N-terminus of the B-chain of insulin may adopt two alternative conformations designated as the T- and R-states. Despite the recent structural insight into insulin-insulin receptor (IR) complexes, the physiological relevance of the T/R transition ...

    The N-terminus of the B-chain of insulin may adopt two alternative conformations designated as the T- and R-states. Despite the recent structural insight into insulin-insulin receptor (IR) complexes, the physiological relevance of the T/R transition is still unclear. Hence, this study focused on the rational design, synthesis, and characterization of human insulin analogues structurally locked in expected R- or T-states. Sites B3, B5, and B8, capable of affecting the conformation of the N-terminus of the B-chain, were subjects of rational substitutions with amino acids with specific allowed and disallowed dihedral φ and ψ main-chain angles. α-Aminoisobutyric acid was systematically incorporated into positions B3, B5, and B8 for stabilization of the R-state, and N-methylalanine and d-proline amino acids were introduced at position B8 for stabilization of the T-state. IR affinities of the analogues were compared and correlated with their T/R transition ability and analyzed against their crystal and nuclear magnetic resonance structures. Our data revealed that (i) the T-like state is indeed important for the folding efficiency of (pro)insulin, (ii) the R-state is most probably incompatible with an active form of insulin, (iii) the R-state cannot be induced or stabilized by a single substitution at a specific site, and (iv) the B1-B8 segment is capable of folding into a variety of low-affinity T-like states. Therefore, we conclude that the active conformation of the N-terminus of the B-chain must be different from the "classical" T-state and that a substantial flexibility of the B1-B8 segment, where GlyB8 plays a key role, is a crucial prerequisite for an efficient insulin-IR interaction.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic , v.v.i., Flemingovo nám 2, 166 10 Prague 6, Czech Republic.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Insulin A chain
A
21Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: INS
Find proteins for P01308 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: INS
Go to UniProtKB:  P01308
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Insulin B chain
B
30Homo sapiensMutation(s): 3 
Gene Names: INS
Find proteins for P01308 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: INS
Go to UniProtKB:  P01308
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
AIB
Query on AIB
B
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC4 H9 N O2ALA
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 35 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the least restraint violations 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-06-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-02-18
    Type: Database references