2LP1

The solution NMR structure of the transmembrane C-terminal domain of the amyloid precursor protein (C99)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 30 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The amyloid precursor protein has a flexible transmembrane domain and binds cholesterol.

Barrett, P.J.Song, Y.Van Horn, W.D.Hustedt, E.J.Schafer, J.M.Hadziselimovic, A.Beel, A.J.Sanders, C.R.

(2012) Science 336: 1168-1171

  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1219988
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2LP1

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • C99 is the transmembrane carboxyl-terminal domain of the amyloid precursor protein that is cleaved by γ-secretase to release the amyloid-β polypeptides, which are associated with Alzheimer's disease. Nuclear magnetic resonance and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy show that the extracellular amino terminus of C99 includes a surface-embedded "N-helix" followed by a short "N-loop" connecting to the transmembrane domain (TMD) ...

    C99 is the transmembrane carboxyl-terminal domain of the amyloid precursor protein that is cleaved by γ-secretase to release the amyloid-β polypeptides, which are associated with Alzheimer's disease. Nuclear magnetic resonance and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy show that the extracellular amino terminus of C99 includes a surface-embedded "N-helix" followed by a short "N-loop" connecting to the transmembrane domain (TMD). The TMD is a flexibly curved α helix, making it well suited for processive cleavage by γ-secretase. Titration of C99 reveals a binding site for cholesterol, providing mechanistic insight into how cholesterol promotes amyloidogenesis. Membrane-buried GXXXG motifs (G, Gly; X, any amino acid), which have an established role in oligomerization, were also shown to play a key role in cholesterol binding. The structure and cholesterol binding properties of C99 may aid in the design of Alzheimer's therapeutics.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Center for Structural Biology and Institute of Chemical Biology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232 USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
C99 A122Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: A4AD1APP
Find proteins for P05067 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P05067 
Go to UniProtKB:  P05067
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P05067
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 30 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 
  • OLDERADO: 2LP1 Olderado

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2012-06-06
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-06-20
    Changes: Database references