Structure of BST-2/Tetherin Transmembrane Domain

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 20 
  • Conformers Submitted: 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report

This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


HIV-1 Vpu Protein Antagonizes Innate Restriction Factor BST-2 via Lipid-embedded Helix-Helix Interactions.

Skasko, M.Wang, Y.Tian, Y.Tokarev, A.Munguia, J.Ruiz, A.Stephens, E.B.Opella, S.J.Guatelli, J.

(2012) J Biol Chem 287: 58-67

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M111.296772
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    The Vpu protein of HIV-1 antagonizes BST-2 (tetherin), a broad spectrum effector of the innate immune response to viral infection, by an intermolecular interaction that maps genetically to the α-helical transmembrane domains (TMDs) of each protein. Here we utilize NMR spectroscopy to describe key features of the helix-helix pairing that underlies this interaction. The antagonism of BST-2 involves a sequence of three alanines and a tryptophan spaced at four residue intervals within the Vpu TMD helix. Responsiveness to Vpu involves bulky hydrophobic residues in the C-terminal region of the BST-2 TMD helix that likely fit between the alanines on the interactive face of Vpu. These aspects of Vpu and BST-2 form an anti-parallel, lipid-embedded helix-helix interface. Changes in human BST-2 that mimic sequences found in nonhuman primate orthologs unresponsive to Vpu change the tilt angle of the TMD in the lipid bilayer without abrogating its intrinsic ability to interact with Vpu. These data explain the mechanism by which HIV-1 evades a key aspect of innate immunity and the species specificity of Vpu using an anti-parallel helix-helix packing model.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, 92093.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Bone marrow stromal antigen 235Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: BST2
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q10589 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q10589 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q10589
PHAROS:  Q10589
GTEx:  ENSG00000130303 
Entity Groups  
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UniProt GroupQ10589
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 20 
  • Conformers Submitted: 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report

Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2011-11-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-01-18
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2023-06-14
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Other
  • Version 1.3: 2024-05-15
    Changes: Data collection, Database references